January 13, 2014
Research, Statistics, and Psychology
Humans and animals may have a vast number of similarities, but the one thing that sets humans apart is the unique ability to question. When psychologists look to find the answers to questions, they often turn to statistics. Gathering research to devise rational explanation is important to psychology; it is not only important, but the manner in which it is done is scientific. Psychologists use the scientific method to define, explain, predict and understand behavior. They also use numbers, and the research from numbers help to predict the probability of a possible reoccurrence. The stronger the data is in the research helps to validate the final outcome.
Research in science is an investigation that is bound by rules to establish rational explanation. The information used in scientific research should only be proven reputable information; untrustworthy information will result in faulty research. Research and the information gathered has to be represented with accuracy and without bias. There are three approaches to take to ensure research is sound (Camfield & Palmer-Jones, 2013). The first important manner to take into consideration is if the research derives from a philosophical approach. When asking a question it is imperative to understand the motivation behind comprehension using a rational thought process. The second vital step when conducting research is using methodology. This practice of theoretical analysis insures the design and conduct of the study is committed in such a way that is to be regarded as trustworthy. Last is the researcher’s obligation of ethics. Knowing the difference between right and wrong can be complex at times to rationalize by some. It is important to understand that knowing the difference between right and wrong in a personal concept is different from knowing what is right and wrong by others.
References: Aron, A., Coups, E. J., & Aron, E. N. (2013). Statistics for Psychology (6th ed.). Saddle River, NJ: Pearson. Camfield, L., & Palmer-Jones, R. (2013). Improving the quality of development. Progress in Developmet Studies, 13(4), 323-338. Cowens, J. (2006, Augest 01). The Scientific Method.. Teaching Pre K-8, 37(1), 42-46. Retrieved from http://www.TeachingK-8.com Rabianski, J. S. (2003). Primary and Secondary Data:Concepts, Concerns, Errors, and Issues. Appraisal Journal, 71(1), 43-54. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.apollolibrary.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=2fd6dca0-a9da-46a2-9bd7-716cc1e92202%40sessionmgr110&vid=2&hid=121