Psy 300 Phobias and Addictions

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Phobias and Addictions
May 27, 2013
PSY/300

Phobias and Addictions Millions of Americans suffer from phobias and addictions. Classical conditioning and Operant conditioning are psychological processes in which a person learns. Webster defines a phobia is an irrational fear towards a situation, object or thing, which in turn becomes a strong desire to prevent or avoid it. Common phobias include claustrophobia a fear of tight and closed in spaces, necrophobia is a fear of dead things in general however it is used to describe the fear of corpses. People who suffer from these and other phobias go to extensive lengths to avoid these things in question, when a sufferer cannot avoid the situation they will become overwhelmed with anxiety during the encounter or said activity. Many people have phobias from traumatic experiences that have taken place at different points in their lives. Phobias can also be caused by life experiences. If someone experiences a traumatic house fire they can develop the unreasonable fear of fire. This occurs when similar conditions are displayed or fire is present in certain situations.
The two diverse methods of conditioned learning conversed are classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning similarly recognized as Pavlov conditioning, was the start of methodically studied behaviors. (Kowalski, 2011)
Phobias can be established and developed by classical conditioning. Pavlov and his dogs are an example of classical conditions. Classical conditioning is also known as Pavlov conditioning. During his research Pavlov discovered a way to introduce neutral stimuli along with stimulus of significance. Pavlov called the unconditional simile us and the unconditional response (UR). If these two evens were paired together the dogs would produce a responsive behavior in the subject. Pavlov called this behavior conditioned response (CS). The main experiment was that in the presence of the lab tech that usually



References: Kowalski, R., & Westen, D. (2011). Psychology (6th ed.). Retrieved from .

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