Autism and Mental Retardation
Respond to the following:
1. List the primary features of autism.
The primary features are emotional and social reciprocity. This includes characteristics such as seeming indifferent to physical care and loving emotional interests which others provide to an autistic individual, verbal and other communication and language impairments and inability to use and to speak. Additional characteristics in autism include a lack of creative imagination while playing, rigid, abnormal and repetitive actions or behaviors, not able to accept environmental and daily routines to change.
2. Which explanation for autism is no longer considered valid and lacks research support?
Sociocultural models of autism lack research support. This theory describes autism as being developed through parental or caretaker responses to the child that are rejecting the child, rigid and not socially stable. This theory has been rejected.
3. What forms of treatment are helpful for a person with autism?
There are many different types of treatments available. For example, auditory training, discrete trial training, vitamin therapy, anti-yeast therapy, facilitated communication, music therapy, occupational therapy, physical therapy, and sensory integration. The different types of treatments can generally be broken down into the following categories: Behavior and Communication Approaches Dietary Approaches Medication Complementary and Alternative Medicine.
4. List the criteria for a diagnosis of mental retardation:
The criteria for diagnosing mental retardation consist of a display of general intellectual functions that fall well under the average amount. Also the lack proper adaptive behavior has trouble with communicating, self-direction, work, and even safety (Comer, 2011). Additional to these criteria is that a child must have these symptoms before they are at the age of 18 (Comer, 2011).
5. Explain one way in