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PSCI 101 Midterm

By linked21 Apr 22, 2015 1255 Words
PSCI 101
MIDTERM LESSON: SOCIAL ENVIREONMENT

PEOPLE and NATION
PEOPLE: are the most important element in nation
-only the Filipinos have a rich and unique cultural heritage of Asian, Latin, European and American influences
2015 – more than 100 million population, 1.38% of the total world population - We are very spiritual and very religious
- Our music is more romantic and melodious than the other countries

NATION - We are the only Christian nation in Asia
-We are the largest English speaking nation in Asia and most open to foreign influence which most other Asians don’t

The name PHILIPPINES:
Archipelago of St., Lazarus – Magellan named it
Felipinas – name given by Ruy Lopez de Villalobos in honor of King Philip
Filipinas – During Spanish colonial era
The Republic of the Philippines – after our independence

PEARL OF THE ORIENT SEAS: nickname given to our country by two famous writer:
Fr. Juan J. Delgado – 1751, Spanish Missionary Historian
Dr. Jose Rizal – our National Hero

LOCATION:
PHILIPPINES –lies in South-east Asia, a little above the equator
AREA - includes Islands, adjacent seas and submarines areas, and the air space above
Total land area: 300,780 sq. km. or 0.2% of the world’s land mass having more than 7,000 islands
LAND: we have the most beautiful and richest lands in the world; rich in natural resources like oil, gas, minerals, farmlands and forests

FOREST RESOURCES – The NARRA tree is the national tree of the country symbolizes the Filipino character and ideals

FISH and MARINE RESOURCES –The Philippine bays, lakes, rivers and seas abound with various types of fish, shells, crustaceans, seaweeds, corals and pearls and other forms and classes of marine and aquatic resources.

TABYAS – the smallest fish in the world found in Camarines Sur
PEARL OF ALLAH – world’s largest natural pearl was found in Palawan by muslim diver
TURTLE ISLANDS in SULU SEA – breeding ground for big turtles

MINERAL DEPOSITS – gold, silver, iron, copper, leads, manganese, and zinc are rich in our country. Non metallic minerals like limestone, asbestos, asphalt, clay, and oil are abundant in our country.

TYPHOONS, EARTHQUAKE- our country is always visited by typhoon starting the month of May up to the later part of December. Several earthquake rock the country annually due to the faulting rocks to volcanic forces

CLIMATE: There are two distinct climate season: the WET (June-November) and the DRY (December – May)

SOCIETY’S MOST BASIC and URGENT PROBLEMS TODAY:
1. Developing and conserving the natural resources
2. Controlling the population growth (because Filipinos love children and large families) 3. The number of young people and migration
BRAIN DRAIN – the term created meaning losing many of its professionals, skilled and semi skilled workers, because of these better opportunities in other countries.

3 SOCIAL CLASSES:
1. The RICH/OLIGARCHS – represent about 10% of the population. Own or earning about 90% of the wealth of the country. It consists of both honest people who invested their money wisely, and also dishonest politicians who acquired their fortune from bribery in government contracts dollar, or other smuggling, and fraud.

2. MIDDLE CLASSES – consist of 20% of the population, these are the professionals (doctors, lawyers, teachers, accountants etc. ) skilled and semi skilled. The called the BACKBONE OF THE NATION

3. LOWER or POOR CLASS – comprise about 70% of the population but only earn 10% of the wealth. They only earn enough income to provide their basic needs. They cannot earn enough to save for emergencies or for future needs.

THE ONLY CHRISTIAN NATION IN ASIA:
93% are Christians (83% are Catholics, 7.6% are Aglipayans, 2.3% are Protestants and other sects) 1. CATHOLICISM –Spain’s greatest Legacy to Philippines
2. WESTERN PROTESTANT – Americans introduced (Baptist, Methodist, Seventh Day Adventists) 3. AGLIPAYANS – founded by Isabelo delos Reyes in 1902 with Gregorio L. Aglipay as the first Bishop. It has a desire for reform and freedom 4. IGLESIA NI KRISTO – founded by Felix Y. Manalo 1914

5. ISLAM – 1.6 million followers. The 2nd largest religion in the country 6. Special Cults - like Iglesia Watawat ng Lahi which worship Jose Rizal. Freedom of Religion is enshrined in the Constitution (Article III, Section 5)

A NATION with MANY LANGUAGES:
There are 55 native languages and 142 dialects in the country. All the native languages an dialects belong to the MAlayo-Polynesian family of languages
8 Principal Languages: Cebuano, Tagalog, Ilocano, Hiligaynon, Bicolano, Waray-waray, Kapampangan and Pangasinan
ENGLISH is the most widely used language in the country.
We are the 3rd Largest English speaking country in the world

NATIONAL LANGUAGE:
1935 – President Manuel L. Quezon – the Father of the National Language developed an idea of having a language that would serve as a common medium of expression for his multi-language people.
FILIPINO – being used as the basis of national language

EDUCATION: Filipinos are fond of education. Honourable Frank Murphy American Governor General of the Phil said: “No People ever accepted the blessings of education with more enthusiasm than the Filipinos”

-More than 50 universities in the country.
-UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS in Manila – the oldest university in the Phil. Founded in 1611 and is 25 older than HARVARD UNIVERSITY in the U.S.
89.9% literacy rate, the highest among Southeast Asian countries.

Phil. Revolution 1896-1902 – democracy was already the people’s cherished idea Apolinario Mabini – Brains of the Phil. Revolution

FILIPINO CHARACTER:
Known for warm, hospitality, liberty loving and bravery, cooperative, value the virtue of helping others,
,hard worker, grateful to those who granted them favors, noted for durability and resiliency.

REGIONAL TRAITS:
ILOCANOS – are most adventurous, hard working
TAGALOGS – feel superior to other Filipinos because they live in region blessed w/ rich farm lands, navigable rivers, and panoramic beauties.
BICOLANOS – are religious, mild tempered, and musical people, possess a stoical outlook in life due to the devastation caused by many natural disasters
BISAYANS – are care-free and jolly. Love nice clothes, fine jewelries and gay parties
MUSLIM – are fierce, valiant warriors who fought Spaniards for 3 centuries and later the Americans for 4 decades. Also known to be the best divers and seafarers in the world.

CULTURAL MINORITIES:
1.6 million belong to so-called national cultural minorities live in remote areas such as Luzon and Mindanao and also isolated lakes and seashores.
Under 1986 Constitution, cordilleras of Luzon and Muslim parts of Mindanao have been declared autonomous Regions – will preserve their own tribal, laws, education and culture.

FILIPINO WOMEN:
Enjoys equal social and political rights with men unlike other nations where women are treated inferior to men.
-They can vote and be voted to any public office
-They can study in universities and engage in any profession
-They can compete in sports and contests
-They have been successful as wives, mother of children and as a career women.
2 Lady Presidents: Mrs. Corazon C. Aquino, and Gloria Macapagal Aroyo Leono Wood – American Governor General said: “THE BEST MEN IN THE PHILIPPINES ARE THE WOMEN”

THE ARTS:
Filipino are creative people, produced outstanding artists, writers, painters, and sculptors, musicians etc.

SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY:
Filipino scientists are trying to find alternative technology (herbal medicine and natural fertilizers etc.)
Science policy is aimed at finding ways of meeting the social needs of the people in agriculture, manufacturing and other industries
DOST – is generously financed by public funds, is pushing the frontiers of the country’s technological knowledge
YOYO – now used only as a toy but was actually weapon of war developed by ancient Filipinos
MOON BUGGY – used by Americans astronauts who first landed on the moon was invented by a Filipino
-Some of the best Computer Programmers in the world are Filipinos.

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