1 UNDERSTAND THE IMPORTANCE OF SLEEP
1.1 How does sleep contributes to an individual’s wellbeing?
Sleep is important for our health and well-being. Extensive research has been done on the effects of sleep. These studies consistently show that sleep plays a vital role in promoting physical health, longevity, and emotional well-being. This explains why, after a good night's sleep, we feel better, our thoughts are clearer, and our emotions are less fragile. Without adequate sleep our judgment, mood, and ability to learn and retain information are weakened.
Sleep contributes to an individual's well being by our body producing extra protein molecules while we're sleeping that helps strengthen our ability to fight infection and stay healthy. It helps to reduce the levels of stress and inflammation in your body. Sleep can help lower blood pressure and elevated levels of stress hormones, which are a natural result of today's fast paced lifestyle. It allows the brain to better process new experiences and knowledge. Sleep helps regulate the hormones that affect and control appetite so it can help us to loose weight and reduces the occurrence of mood disorders. It makes us more alert and may prevent cancer as people who work late shifts have a higher risk of breast cancer and colon cancer.
Sleep can be divided into two types: rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and non-REM (NREM) sleep. NREM sleep has four stages of increasingly deep sleep. Stage 1 sleep is the lightest, while stage 4 is the deepest.
During normal sleep, we move cyclically through these types and stages of sleep. But if our sleep is repeatedly interrupted and we are unable to progress normally through REM and NREM sleep, we may feel tired, fatigued, and have trouble concentrating and paying attention while awake.
1.2 Can you identify reasons why an individual may find it hard to sleep? Sleep problems are very common and can affect people in different ways. It can occur for a