The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a landlocked sovereign state situated in South Asia. The country is bordered by the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of India. Kathmandu is capital of Nepal and also the largest metropolis of the country with a population of around five million. Total population of the country is around 27 million while two million of them are abroad for jobs and education. Official language of the country is Nepali while Nepal Bhasa, Maithili and hundred other different languages are recognized as regional and national languages of the multi-cultural society. Around 80 per cent of the population follows Hinduism, the biggest religion of the country while around 10 percent follow Buddhism and 4.2 percent Islam. Nepal has been ruled by a king till the constituent assembly election held on April 10, 2008 wherein the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) won majority of the seats and formed a coalition government. Although a process of political reforms began in 1990 following a communist movement against the absolute monarchy but the real democracy was established in the country after 2008 elections. In 1990, King Birendra had agreed to reforms in the political system of the country and a parliamentary monarchy was introduced with Kings as head of the state while prime minister was regarded as head of the government. However, King Birendra, Queen Aiswarya and seven other members of the royal family were found killed on June 1, 2001. The incident further strengthened the communist movement in the country for democracy as the royal family had virtually lost its control over the state. After the death of King Birendra his brother Gyanendra succeeded to the throne and tried his best to quell the movement against his rule but failed. Following the movement for democracy, King Gyanendra agreed to relinquish the sovereign power and on May 18, 2006 the House of Representatives unanimously voted to curtail power of the king and declared the state as a secular state. The country became a federal republic on May 28, 2008 after the passage of a bill from the parliament. The monarchy was officially announced to be abolished in the country for ever. Purpose of the study is to analyse if democracy is a best system in Nepal, a country where monarchy ruled for around 240 years. We will try to find out future prospects of democracy in the country whose economy is tattered and socio-political condition is also not too good for good governance. Why did I choose this topic for research essay? I personally feel that Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) did a great job by overthrowing the monarchy but a little has been told to the world about this successful revolution. And also in a country like Nepal where socio-economic conditions are not too good, can democracy survive? Will politicians of the country be able to deliver to masses? These are the questions that we will try to answer in this short essay. Insurgency in Nepal
The insurgency in Nepal has been termed as a civil war as the war was between Maoist fighters and the security forces loyal to the regime. It began in 1996 and culminated in 2006 when a peace agreement was signed between both the parties. The insurgency cost lives of more than 15,000 people while 150,000 were internally displaced. United National People’s Movement, Communist Party of Nepal (Unity Center), Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) and United People’s Front have been struggling against the monarchy. The United States, India, European Union and other developed countries tended economic and military assistance to the government to quell the insurgency as the insurgents were labeled as terrorists. However, the monarch failed to dub the insurgency against his rule as a war against terrorism and finally ceded to demands of the people and announced to relinquish his sovereign powers in May 2008. Political Parties and Government in Nepal
The Communist Party of Nepal...
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5. Thapliyal, Sangeeta. Restoring Democracy in Nepal. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 2005.
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