Pros And Cons Of Animal Testing

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Animal Testing: Should Animals be used in Research?

Animal testing is the use of living animals for scientific or commercial testing. According to my first source, an article found on animalresearch.thehastingscenter.org, called Animals Used in Research in the U.S., in 2010, there were about 26 million animals being used for research. Mice, rats, fish and birds are the most common animals used; they are about 96% of the 26 million animals used. Other animals used in research that year were Guinea Pigs (213,029), Rabbits (210,172), Hamsters (145,895), Nonhuman mammals (71,317), Dogs (64,930), Pigs (53,260), Other Farm Animals (38,008), Cats (21,578), Sheep (13,271), Marine Mammals (126), and all other covered species warm-blooded animals,
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I chose this article to use in my research, because it is also very informative, and has great facts in it. For example, 95% of the animals used in experiments are not protested by the federal Animal Welfare Act (AWA). This excludes birds, rats, and mice bred by research, and cold-blooded animals such as reptiles and most fish. A 2011 poll of nearly 1,000 Biochemical scientists conducted by the science journal Nature found that more than 90% “agreed that the use of animals in research is essential.” Chimpanzees share 99% of their DNA with humans, and mice are 98% genetically similar to humans. The United States and Gabon are the only two countries that allow experiments on chimpanzees. In 2010, Minnesota used more cats than any other states (2,703), New Jersey used the most dogs (6,077), and Massachusetts used the most primates (7,458) (Did You Know. 4). Some Pros of animal testing are that animal testing has contributed to many life-saving cures and treatments. The California Biomedical Research Association says that almost every medical breakthrough in the last 100 years has resulted directly from research using animals. Experiments where dogs had their pancreases removed was the cause of the discovery of insulin, which is critical to saving the lives of diabetics. The polio vaccine, tested on animals, reduced the global occurrence of the disease from …show more content…
According to Humane Society International, animals used in experiments are commonly subjected to forced feeding, forced inhalation, food and water deprivation, extended periods of physical restraint, the infliction of burns and other wounds to study the healing process, the infliction of pain to study its effects and remedies, and "killing by carbon dioxide asphyxiation, neck-breaking, decapitation, or other means (CON Animal Testing. 1).” The Draize eye test is used by cosmetics companies to evaluate irritation caused by shampoos and other products. This involves rabbits being incapacitated in stocks with their eyelids held open by clips, sometimes for multiple days, so they cannot blink away the products being tested. The commonly used LD50 (lethal dose 50) test involves finding out which dose of a chemical will kill 50% of the animals being used in the experiment. The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) reported in 2010 that 97,123 animals suffered pain during experiments while being given no anesthesia for relief, including 1,395 primates, 5,996 rabbits, 33,652 guinea pigs, and 48,015 hamsters (CON Animal Testing. 1). This information is important and dependable in relation to my topic, because it’s good to know both sides of this topic. It allowed me to see both sides of the

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