SCHOOL OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
DEPARTMENT OF NURSING
COURSE: mental health nursing
Course code: nur 427
NDEX NUMBER: BS/NUS/11/0062
AKAYUURE COLLINS ADOMBIRE
LECTURER: MR. john danquah asiedu
"The unit of social intercourse is called a transaction. If two or more people encounter each other... sooner or later one of them will speak, or give some other indication of acknowledging the presence of the others. This is called transactional stimulus. Another person will then says or do something which is in some way related to the stimulus, and that is called the transactional response."(Berne, 1964). At its simplest level, Transactional Analysis is the method for studying interactions between individuals. It is based on two notions, first that we have three parts or 'ego-states' to our 'personality, and secondly that these converse with one another in 'transactions' (hence the name).
BERNE'S THREE EGO STATES
In addition to the analysis of the interactions between individuals, Transactional Analysis also involves the identification of the ego states behind each and every transaction. Berne defined an ego state as "a consistent pattern of feeling and experience directly related to a corresponding consistent pattern of behavior." The following are detailed descriptions of the three ego states:
PARENT - The parent represents a massive collection of recordings in the brain of external events experienced or perceived in approximately the first five years of life. Since the majority of the external events experienced by a child are actions of the parent, the ego state was appropriately called Parent. It is also referred to as taught concept. Examples of recordings in the Adult include: "Never talk to strangers", "Always chew with your mouth closed" and "Look both ways before you cross the street"
CHILD - In contrast to the Parent, the Child represents the recordings in the brain of internal events