top-rated free essay

Prophet Muhammad

By peggylefever Apr 07, 2009 406 Words
Prophet Muhammad is the founder of the Islamic faith, and also the messenger of God. He is also known as the greatest prophet.

Prophet Muhammad was born in 570 AD in the city of Mecca in Arabia. He was born into a noble Quraish tribe, but at a young age, he became an orphan, and was raised by his uncle. At around 595 AD, a wealthy widow asked Muhammad to be the manager of her trading supplies to Syria. After Muhammad completed the task, she offered him marriage. Even though she was 15 years older than him, they married and had four daughters.

Muhammad was a very faithful and religious man, and he often meditated in caves in the mountains. He spent time thinking about the problems of Mecca, where religions were unimportant and the environment was unsafe. In the year 610 AD, at the beginning of the month of Ramadan, Muhammad heard a voice that said, “You are the messenger of God.” Later Muhammad decided that it was the Archangel Gabriel that sent him the message from God. Muhammad found many messages from God during his meditations, and he felt that it was his duty to spread them to everyone.

Then Muhammad began to preach to a few people, at first. At around 612 AD, he started to preach publicly, and he soon gained more followers, especially young men. The leaders of the tribes of Mecca also began to resist Muhammad and his followers. In September 622 AD, Muhammad and his followers settled in Medina, also known as Yathrib.

Muhammad and his people fought many wars with other groups. In March 624 AD, Muhammad led an army of three hundred and defeated about eight hundred Meccans. Muslims, who were followers of the Islamic faith, believed that God was defending Muhammad. Another major event was that ten thousand Meccans tried to attack Medina, but Muhammad defended the city. After two weeks, the Meccans retreated. During the next following months, many people, like tribesman and some Meccans, joined Muhammad and became Muslims. In 630 AD, the treaty was signed and Muhammad entered the city of Mecca with triumph and ten thousand men.

After conquering Mecca in 630, Muhammad returned to Medina, where he died in 632. On his “Farewell Pilgrimage”, which is the last pilgrimage Muhammad took, he became ill and died. By the time Muhammad died, most of Arabian religion was converted into Islam.


Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Prophet Muhammad

    ...Prophet Muhammad was a religious, political, and military leader[2][3][4] from Mecca who unified Arabia into a single religious polity under Islam. He is believed by Muslims and Baha'is to be a messenger and prophet of God. Muhammad is almost universally considered by Muslims as the last prophet sent by God for mankind.[5][n 1] Non-Muslims regar...

    Read More
  • Muhammad: A Prophet for Our Time

    ...Jianyang Zhang History 2351 5/11/2014 Karen Armstrong, Muhammad: A Prophet for Our Time (San Francisco: Harper, 1992) Pp.240 The author of the book Muhammad: A Prophet of Our Time, Karen Armstrong, born on 14 November 1944 is a well-known British author and commentator for her books on comparative religion. She is a provocative, origina...

    Read More
  • The Meccan life of Holy prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon him)

    ...Muhammad in Mecca Prophet Muhammad was born and lived in Mecca for the first 52 years of his life (570–622). Orphaned early in life, he became known as a prominent merchant, and as an impartial and trustworthy arbiter of disputes. He married his first wife, the 40-year-old widow Khadijah bint Khuwaylid at age 25. He would not take other wi...

    Read More
  • Islam and the Prophet Muhammad

    ...Feb 25, 2013 Anth 360.01 Islam and the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him The documentary about the Islamic religion and its founding prophet Muhammad peace be upon him was very interesting to me because, I come from a dominant Muslim country know as Iran and I have never really knew how, from where and by who the Islamic religion started. T...

    Read More
  • A Concise Biography of the Prophet Muhammad

    ...A Concise Biography of the Prophet Muhammad In an epoch of widespread cultural dilapidation and ruin, there arose from the sandy wastes of Arabia a community of men and women who bore the banner of a nascent religion that would go on to inspire an efflorescence in the very fields which are the peak expressions of civilization, amongst which...

    Read More
  • Leadership principles of Prophet Muhammad

    ...Effective Leadership principles of Prophet Muhammad (s) Author: Muhammad W. Khan It is a well-known fact that the Prophet of Islam (saw) was the supremely successful man in the entire human history. But he was not just a hero, as Thomas Carlyle has called him. According to the Qur’an, he was the best example for all mankind. He has shown ...

    Read More
  • Muhammad As Leader

    ...Ḥadīth: the body of transmitted actions and sayings of the Prophet and his Companions. Professor Wilfred C. Smith has made a most perceptive analogy: the Qur’ān is in Islam what Christ is in Christianity, and Muhammad stands in relation to it as the Twelve Apostles to the Logos. The Ḥadīth, the record of how the Revelation occurred, an...

    Read More
  • Life of Muhammad

    ...Biography of Muhammad “O Children of Israel! Surely, I am the messenger of Allah to you, verifying that which is before me of the Torah and giving the good news of a Messenger who will come after me whose name will be Ahmed” (Qur'an, 61:6). This was the prophetic announcement of the coming of the Prophet Muhammad by Jesus Christ. Muhammad w...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.