Pronoun and Noun Phrase
Topics: Pronoun, Adjective, Subject, Verb, Noun / Pages: 27 (3953 words) / Published: Jan 28th, 2015

Exercise 1 Divide the following sentences into constituents by putting slant lines (/) between the constituents. Try to replace constituents by a shorter phrase, or just one word.

1. Her eldest son/ hates/ mock turtle soup. he hates it

2. The examples/ given here/ show that /constituents/ can be/

very long.

it given here show that it can be very long

3. That young hooligan (he)/ should have offered/ the old lady in

the grey coat (her)/ his seat (it).

4. In England,/ French food (it)/ is regarded as sophisticated and


5. In his speech of 1884 (in it)/the then British Prime Minister (he)/, Lord

Roseberry,/ discussed/ the British Empire (it).

6. Several people (they)/ have been (were) injured/ in a train crash (there).

7 Supporters/ of the use/ of modern English (it)/ in church/ have

many arguments.

8. A private museum/ of old motorcars (it)/ was founded/ by Lord

Montagu/ in 1952 (then)/ in memory/ of his father (of him),/ an early

motorcar enthusiast.

9. We/ are sitting/ in heavy silence/ in the editing suite (in it)/ lent to

us/ by Granada Television (by it).

10. Last year's teachers' boycott (when)/ of national curriculum testing (it)/

must have been (was it)/ the most successful piece of industrial

action (of that)/ in years (when).

Exercise 2

Familiarize yourself with the word-class labels in English and Dutch (see section 6), and try to determine to which word-class the words in the examples in section 1 c. belong.

those, weak, to speak, with
(demonstrative pronoun, adjective, lexical verb, preposition

She made a sign pers. pronoun lex ind. art. noun

She signed a lettre pers. pronoun lex. ind. art. noun

this is a hard sign dem. pronoun lex. ind. art. noun

they worked hard pers. pronoun lex. adverb 9because it says something about work)

Snow white had an evil stepmother noun lex. indef. art. adj. noun
They discussed the evils of the western world pers. pr. lex. def. art.

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