Projectile Motion

Topics: Trajectory, Projectile, Trajectory of a projectile Pages: 4 (705 words) Published: February 19, 2014
TITLE
To investigate the trajectory of a small ball as it rolls off a surface which is inclined to the horizontal.

OBJECTIVE
To investigate the trajectory of a two dimensional motion

APPARATUS & MATERIALS
Ramp
Wooden block
Pendulum bob
Plumb line
Steel ball
Wooden board
Carbon paper
Meter rule
Plasticine

SETUP
1. A ramp has been set up at the edge of a bench as shown in the Figure 4-1. 2. Suspend a plum-line from the edge of the bench as shown in Figure 4-2. 3. Mount a wooden board horizontally using two clamps so that the board is situated about the bottom of the ramp.

4. Place a sheet of blank paper on top of the board.
5. Place a piece of carbon paper on the top of the blank paper. The ink-side of the carbon paper should be facing down.
6. When a ball is released at the top of the ramp, the ball will travel through a trajectory as shown in Figure 4-2.

THEORY
Let:
g =
u = speed of the ball as it leaves the ramp
k = constant
y = vertical distance (between the bottom of the ramp and the top of the board) x = horizontal distance (between the plum-line and mark on the paper) The equation which relates to x and y is

PROCEDURE
1. Position the ball at the top of the ramp. Release the ball so that it rolls down the ramp and onto the board below.
2. Remove the carbon paper and observe that the ball makes a small mark on the blank paper.
3. Measure and record the vertical distance y and the horizontal distance x. 4. Reduce the value of y and repeat the steps above to obtain five sets of values of x and y.
5. Tabulate: y, x, and
6. Plot a graph of against x.
7. Determine the gradient and y- intercept of the graph.
8. Use your answer from [7] to determine values of k and u.

DATA
x/cm
(
y/cm
(

16.6
50.0
3.012
14.5
45.0
3.103
13.2
40.0
3.030
12.1
35.0
2.893
11.3
30.0
2.655

CALCULATION
Gradient =...
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