Project Management is the process and activity of planning, organizing, motivating, and controlling resources, procedures and protocols to achieve specific goals in scientific or daily problems. A project is a temporary endeavour designed to produce a unique product, service or result with a defined beginning and end (usually
time-constrained, and often constrained by funding or deliverables), undertaken to meet unique goals and objectives, typically to bring about beneficial change or added value.
Kuala Lumpur International Airport 2 (KLIA2) is a low-cost carrier terminal at the Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) in Sepang, Selangor, Malaysia,
KLIA2 started commercial operations on 1 May 2014 and It was officially opened to public on 9
May 2014. KLIA2 is the world's largest purpose-built terminal dedicated for low-cost carrier. It comprises two main buildings namely the Main Terminal Building (MTB) and the Satellite Building, connected with a 300-metre Sky bridge. All domestic and some international arrivals are from MTB while Satellite caters solely for international arrivals and departures. It is also equipped with 60 gates, eight remote stands, 80 aerobridges, a third runway and a new air traffic control tower dubbed Tower West.
“N E X T G E N E R A T I O N H U B ” - Aimed at easing connectivity between full service carriers and low-cost carriers. It is an exemplification of our nation’s abilities in constructing cuttingedge, futuristic yet practical infrastructure, which will seek to revolutionise the low-cost travel industry especially in terms of travellers experience.
The triple constraints
of project management is rooted
in the theory of constraints (TOC), first formulated by Dr.
Eliyahu M. Goldratt in his book The Goal, published in 1984. ‘Triple Constraints’ is the balance of the project's scope, schedule (time) and cost. It is sometimes called Dempster's
triangle wherein one of the sides or corners represent the
scope, time and cost of a project being managed by the
It is also used by managers to analyse or understand the
difficulties that may arise due to implementing and
executing a project. All projects irrespective of their size will have many constraints.
– This refers to the actual time required to produce a
deliverable. Which in this case, would be the end result of the project. Naturally, the amount of time required to produce the
deliverable will be directly related
to the amount of requirements
that are part of the end result
(scope) along with the amount
of resources allocated to the
Malaysia Airport Holding Berhad (MAHB) estimated KLIA2 to be ready for operations by 1st quarter 2014 which is 9 months from its latest 28th June 2013 target. The completion of the airport has been delayed five times. In June 2013, MAHB had announced that the KLIA2 new opening date is May 2, 2014.
During the announcement some of the main features are yet to be complete. Some of the features :a. 300m sky bridge
b. Main terminal building only about 60% completed.
c. The internal roads linking the main terminal to the other parts of the airport have yet to be built.
Cost – This is the estimation of the amount of money
that will be required to complete the project. Cost
itself encompasses various things, such as resources,
labour rates for contractors, risk estimates, bills of
materials, etc. All aspects of the project that have a
are made part of the
overall cost structure.
1. The cost of KLIA2, which had started off with a price tag of RM1.9bil, has ballooned to RM4.3bil.
2. Air Asia had also declined to use aerobridges, citing high operating costs, and also decided at the last minute to switch from a semiautomated to a fully-automated baggage handling system. 3. A section of the building at the baggage claim...
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