Topics: Prohibition in the United States, Al Capone, Rum-running Pages: 3 (1189 words) Published: April 29, 2013
Bootlegging, drinking, murdering, oh my! These were the main outcomes of the prohibition era, which was a transitional time in our society. Thugs, gangsters, cops on payroll and political corruption tainted the 18th Amendment’s original intentions. Prohibition gave birth to organized crime and popular mob gangsters like Al Capone and other gangsters of modern history. The 18th Amendment had a negative impact in the United States during the 1920s due to the rise of organized crime, rise of crime rates, and the illegal transporting and manufacturing of alcohol. In the 1820s and 30s a wave of religious revivalism swept the United States leading to increased calls for temperance, as well as other “perfectionist” movement. In 1838, the state of Massachusetts passed a temperance law banning the sale of spirits in less than 15 gallon quantities. Maine passed the first Prohibition law in 1846, and a lot had followed suit by the time the civil war began in 1861. Women played a big role in the temperance movement as alcohol was seen as a destructive force in families and marriages. In 1917 after the United States entered World War I president Woodrow Wilson instituted a temporary wartime prohibition in order to save grain for producing food. That same year Congress submitted the 18th Amendment which banned the manufacture, transportation and sale of intoxicating liquors, for state ratification.

Congress had stipulated a seven year time limit for the process. The Amendment received the support of the necessary three-quarter of the U.S states in just eleven months. Ratified on January 29, 1919 the 18th Amendment went into effect a year later, by which time no fewer than 33 states had already enacted their own prohibition legislation. In October 1919, congress passed the National Prohibition ACT. Despite very early signs of success including a decline in arrests for drunkenness and a reported 30% drop in alcohol consumption. Those who wanted to keep drinking found...
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