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International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology Vol. 2, Issue 5, May 2013
Productivity improvement of sliver manufacturing in Khadi
industries through development of mechanized system
Prof. Gajendra R. Potey1, Mr. Mahesh S.Gorde2, Prof. Vishal Milmile 3 Assistant Professor & Workshop suptd., Shri Ramdeobaba College of Engineering & Management, Nagpur-13, India1 M.Tech Scholar, Shri Ramdeobaba College of Engineering & Management, Nagpur-13, India2 Assistant Professor, Shri Ramdeobaba College of Engineering & Management, Nagpur-13, India3 .
Abstract : Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) have always played a key role in the economies of all major industrial societies in both Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employment levels. Lack of productivity costs money which affects the bottom line. In today’s world an organization cannot afford to leave such potential untapped. No matter what type of organization, the search for and the need to improve productivity is the ultimate goal. Money is wasted each and every day in organizations due to lack of ability to recognize areas of potential improvement. In the past, most of the new manufacturing concept and technologies have been implemented in large scale manufacturing industries. However Khadi industries have not received due attention for the implementation of such new manufacturing concept and technologies with the objective to improve productivity. In this paper, an attempt has been made to improve productivity by developing mechanized system to produce quality sliver in Khadi industries. The project has been taken place in Khadi udyog Gopuri, Distt. Wardha (Maharashtra). The objective of the project is to develop Mechanized system for producing the sliver. Key words:Sliver, carding machine, Fiber, khadi manufacturing. I. INTRODUCTION
As we know that, the Khadi is the only cloth, which has backing of the ideology and philosophy regarding betterment of the poor and village people in India. After passing through the various identities like “A Tool for Freedom”, “Political leaders’ dress code” “Freedom Fighters’ wear” etc.; now Khadi Fabric has got the latest appearance with Khadi Shirt, Khadi Dress, and Fashion dress material. Now, Modern Youth prefer khadi clothes like other textile products. Now days, khadi has became so popular that internationally renowned fashion designers also prefer to use it. Clothes for special occasions are being designed by designers all over the world using khadi as fabric. Khadi cotton is not harmful to the skin as synthetic fibers. As per the Khadi & Village Industries Associations survey the sales of Khadi in 2000-2001 was 213.95 lacks & it massively increase year by year .In 2010-2011 sales of khadi is 725.66 lacks. To satisfied such a increasing demand with lower cost, khadi industries needs some mechanized system to increase productivity. In khadi industries the sliver is produced manually. This process is time consuming which is directly effect on cost of khadi. This problem has been taken into consideration, for project work. Here, we made a successful attempt to develop mechanized system to replace manual method of sliver producing. This project gives emphasis on analysis and Functional enhancement of Pinjanalaya carding Machine use to produce sliver and to discover a new tool which shorten the sequence of producing the sliver. This may lead to significant savings of time and cost, and thus improve the competitiveness of the Indian Khadi Udyog. Due to effort of Khadi & Village Industries Commission (KVIC) the sales of Khadi is increasing day by day, in 2006-07 it was 491.52 crores and in 2010-11 it was 789.87 crores. To satisfied such an increasing demand with lower cost, khadi industries needs some mechanized system to increase sliver production rate.
II WHAT IS SLIVER
Sliver is a Cylindrical roll of cotton which is use to produce the thread...
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