Production methods fall into three main categories; however, all production methods can be assisted with CAM and CAD equipment (Computer Aided Manufacture and Computer Aided Design – respectively).
1. Job Production and Prototype Production
Job Production is used when a product is produced with the labor of one or few workers and is scarcely used for bulk and large scale production. It is mainly used for one-off products or prototypes, as it is inefficient; however, quality is greatly enhanced with job production compared to other methods. Individual wedding cakes and made-to-measure suits are examples of job production. New small firms often use job production before they get a chance or have the means to expand. Job Producing for workers because it gives the workers an opportunity to produce the whole product and take pride in it.
2. Boutique Manufacturing
Contrary to jobbing production, the method Boutique Manufacturing is suitable for the production of very small to small batches, i.e. orders of a few units up to several dozens of similar or equal goods. The workflow organization of a Boutique Manufacturing entity can be a mixture of both jobbing and batch production but involves higher standardization than job production. Boutique Manufacturing is often organized with single workplaces or production cells carrying out a number of subsequent production steps until completion of certain components or even the whole product; large assembly lines are generally not used. The flexibility and variety of products able to be produced in the entity therefore are much higher than with the more standardized method of batch production.
3. Batch Production
Batch production is the methods used to produce or process any product in groups or batches where the products in the batch go through the whole production process together. An example would be when a bakery produces each different type of bread separately and each object (in this case,