1st BA.LLB – B
Roll no. 1316165
The Government Of India Act of 1919
School of Law,
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| Government of India Act Of 1919
To study the Government of India Act of 1919 with regard to the Montague-Chlemsford reforms. Significance
These reforms made huge changes in the executive, judiciary and the legislature of the courts in India. Impact
This law was first passed in London as the Montague-Chlemsford reforms in London and later passed on as the Government of India Act of 1919 had a huge impact on the adjudication of matters in Indian courts. Sources
I have mainly used three internet sources for my research and I have cited them later. Citation
The citations have been done according to the 19th edition of the blue book.
The Government of India Act of 1919.
The Government of India act of 1919 was
passed by the Parliament of the United
Kingdom in order to ensure the participation
of natives in the Government of India. The
Secretary of State for India, Sir Edwin
Montagu and the Viceroy, Lord Chelmsford,
jointly prepared a report, which served as the
basis for creation of the legislation,
Government of India Act of 1919.
The Government of India Act of 1919
incorporated the idea of a dual form of government referred as diarchy, for the major provinces. The Act involved a complex set of instructions. An example can be set as the provincial legislative council of each major province was instructed to monitor the activities of provincial ministers. The Government of India Act of 1919 also stated that a High Commissioner who resided in London and would represent India there in Great Britain. The act was enacted for ten years from 1919 to 1929. This reform was an idea of Sir Edwin Montagu and Lord Chelmsford. As a part of reformation the imperial and provincial council was enlarged and a new system of diarchy Government was introduced. As per the Act, the Viceroy controlled the areas such as defense; communications and foreign affairs and the Government responsible for the provincial Council would control Health and Education. Also there was a bicameral legislature situated at the center, which consisted of legislative assembly that had hundred and forty-four members out of which forty-one were nominated. There was also Council of States that consisted of thirty-four elected and twenty-six nominated members. The Princely States used to check political parties. The Indian National Congress was not satisfied with this law and termed this as `disappointing`. A special session was held in Bombay under Hasan Imama and the reforms were reprobated. However, some other leaders like Surendranath Banerjee welcomed the reforms and left Congress to form Indian Liberal Federation that played a minor role in subsequent Indian political affairs.
The Government of India Act 1919 (9 & 10 Geo. 5 c. 101) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It was passed to expand participation of Indians in the government of India. The Act embodied the reforms recommended in the report of the Secretary of State for India, Edwin Montagu, and the Viceroy, Lord Chelmsford. The Act covered ten years, from 1919 to 1929. The Act provided a dual form of government (a "dyarchy") for the major provinces. In each such province, control of some areas of government, the "transferred list", were given to a Government of ministers answerable to the Provincial Council. The 'transferred list' included Agriculture, supervision of local government, Health and Education. The Provincial Councils were enlarged. At the same time, all other areas of government (the 'reserved list') remained under the control of the Viceroy. The 'reserved list' included Defence (the military), Foreign Affairs, and Communications. The Imperial...
Citations: www.indianetzone.com › ... › History of India › British Indian Acts
www.indianetzone.com › ... › History of India › British Indian Acts last access 22/8/2013 at 00.25
www.indiankanoon.org/search/?...government%20of%20india%20act,%. Last access 22/8/2013 at 00.35
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Government_of_India_Act_1919 last access 22/8/2013 at 2.15 a.m
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