Procedures About Gastrointestinal Diagnostic

Topics: Heart, Artery, Blood, Atherosclerosis, Myocardial infarction / Pages: 8 (1867 words) / Published: Mar 14th, 2013
Common Gastrointestinal Diagnostic Procedures
Colonoscopy
Colonoscopy is a diagnostic test used to detect abnormalities, such as polyps, ulcers or cancerous changes, in the large intestine. A few days prior to the test, the patient is asked to eat a clear liquid diet, including things such as ginger ale, plain tea and coffee, gelatin, ginger ale and water. The night before the procedure, the patient is given a bowel prep to empty the contents of the large intestine. On the day of the test, the patient is given sedating medication and monitored for changes in heart rhythm and vital signs. Pain medication is also given. A flexible, lighted scope is inserted into the rectum, and advanced the length of the colon. If anything abnormal is seen, a biopsy may be taken. Polyps may be removed if found. After the test is complete, and the patient is awake from the sedating medication, he may return home.
Flexible Sigmoidoscopy
Flexible sigmoidoscopy is a diagnostic test used to detect abnormalities, such as polyps, ulcers or cancerous changes, in the rectum and sigmoid colon of the large intestine. This test may be performed to find the cause of diarrhea, constipation or abdominal pain. A few days prior to the test, the patient is asked to eat a clear liquid diet, including things such as ginger ale, plain tea and coffee, gelatin, ginger ale and water. The night before the procedure, the patient is given a bowel prep to empty the contents of the large intestine. On the day of the test, the patient is given sedating medication and monitored for changes in heart rhythm and vital signs. Pain medication is also given. A flexible, lighted scope is inserted into the rectum, and advanced the length of the sigmoid colon. If anything abnormal is seen, a biopsy may be taken. Polyps may be removed if found. After the test is complete, and the patient is awake from the sedating medication, he may return home.
Upper GI Endoscopy
Prior to this test, the patient will have received

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