University of Wollongong
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A study on labour rights implementation in readymade garment (RMG) industry in Bangladesh: Bridging the gap between theory and practice M. Monjur Morshed
University of Wollongong
Morshed, M Monjur, A study on labour rights implementation in readymade garment (RMG) industry in Bangladesh: bridging the gap between theory and practice, MSocChgDev-Res thesis, Centre for Asia Pacific Social Transformation Studies, University of Wollongong, 2007. http://ro.uow.edu.au/theses/40
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A Study on Labour Rights Implementation in Readymade Garment (RMG) Industry in Bangladesh - Bridging the Gap between Theory and Practice
A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree
Master of Social Change and Development (Honours)
THE UNIVERSITY OF WOLLONGONG
M Monjur Morshed Centre for Asia Pacific Social Transformation Studies (CAPSTRANS) 2007
I, M Monjur Morshed, declare that this thesis, submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Master of Social Change and Development (Research), in the Centre for Asia Pacific Social Transformation Studies (CAPSTRANS), University of Wollongong, is wholly mine unless otherwise referenced or acknowledged. The document has not been submitted for qualifications or other purposes at any other institution.
M Monjur Morshed 23rd August, 2007
TABLE OF CONTENTS THESIS CERTIFICATION TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS ABSTRACT ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS INTRODUCTION Background Aims and Objective of the Research Methodology I II IV V VII VIII 1- 5 1 3 4
5 Structure of the Thesis CHAPTER 1: GLOBAL RELOCATION AND RISING OF BANGLADESHI RMG 6 - 44 INDUSTRY 1.1 Overview of the Garment Industry 1.2 Shift and Relocation of Global Garment Production 1.3 Features of the Migration and Expansion of Global RMG Chain 1.4 Overview of The Bangladeshi Economy 1.5 Growth of the Readymade Garment Industry in Bangladesh 1.7 Structure, Production and Employment Pattern of the RMG 1.8 Growth of Other Sectors as a Result of RMG Growth 6 11 15 20 39 43
22 1.6 Factor
CHAPTER 2: LABOUR MARKET AND FEMALE GARMENT WORKERS IN BANGLADESH 45 – 78 2.1 Overview of Labour Market Scenario in Bangladesh 2.2.1 Migratory Status 2.2.2 Age 2.2.3 Education 2.2.4 Marital Status 2.2.5 Housing and Living Conditions 2.2.6 Gender Segregated Occupation and Economic Status 2.3 Positive Impacts of Female Garment Workers’ Employment 2.4 Negative Impacts 2.5 Positioning in a Transit Society II
45 2.2 Femal 54 56 58 59 60 62 64 69 76
2.6 Female Garment Workers’ Representation in Collective Organizations CHAPTER 3: LABOUR RIGHTS IN RMG INDUSTRY IN BANGLADESH 3.1 A Brief History of International Labour Standards 3.2 Labour Standards in RMG Industry 3.3 Multinational Enterprises and Labour Rights 3.4 Recent Labour Unrest in Garment Industry 3.5 Labour Law in Bangladesh
77 79-126 80 84 110 114 120
CHAPTER 4: GLOBALIZATION, LABOUR RIGHTS AND SUSTAINABILITY OF BANGLADESHI RMG INDUSTRY 126 - 176 4.1 Conceptualizing Globalization and Trade Liberalization 4.2 Trade Liberalization in Bangladesh 4.3 Effects of Globalization on Bangladesh Economy 4.4 Globalization, Trade and Labour Rights 4.5 Implementing Labour Rights: Areas of Concern 4.6 Sustaining the RMG Industry CONCLUSION` BIBLIOGRAPHY APPENDICES 126 131 136 144 152 162 177 182 187
List of Tables and Figures
Table 1.1: Comparative Statement on Export of RMG and Total Export Table 1.2: Labour cost in RMG sector in selected countries Table 1.3: Region-wise Share of RMG Export Table 2.1 Indicators of...
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