top-rated free essay

Problems of Modernization in Developing Nations

Oct 08, 1999 635 Words
Problems of Modernization in Developing Nations

The economic situation which exists in the developing world today, is the result of the relationship between the modern, and developing nations of the world. Modernized nations benefited from this relationship because it gave them access to natural resources. However, because of this relationship, many developing nations now suffer from severe problems. These nations are attempting to change the situation in which they struggle.

A political cartoon I have recently seen illustrated the economic relationship between the industrialized world and the developing world. It shows that the industrial nations, The United States and Europe, are located in the northern hemisphere. On the other hand most of the developing world, Central and South America and Africa, are found in the southern hemisphere. The "well fed", well dressed individual holding the industrialized world indicates that the modernized nations of the world are prosperous, and have a high standard of living. The skinny, poorly dressed individual holding the developing world indicates that the developing nations of the world are not prosperous, and have a lower standard of living than do industrialized nations. Both individuals are supporting each other in such a way that if one is removed, the other will fall. Without resources to use, industry would not be able to maintain its existence. Likewise, without a market for their resources, or the products of industry, the developing world would not be able to maintain its existence.

Two current problems which exist in the developing world today are political instability, and rapid urbanization. Political instability causes economic problems in places such as Africa, and South America, where many governments are being overthrown. When a government is inconsistent, a tax system cannot be established and revenue can't be collected. If a government doesn't receive revenue, it cannot provide sanitation, or health care, and cannot build or repair roads or buildings. Also, political instability can result in the control of a nation "switching hands". For example, frequently in Latin America, Coup d'etat occur and military dictators take control.

The second problem which exists in the developing world today is rapid urbanization. Rapid urbanization can be defined as the sudden growth in city population. It results in problems such as congested streets and poverty. For example, when people flock to city to find jobs, not all of them are able to find work, these people remain unemployed. Those who manage to find work, face long hours and low pay. With so many people there is a shortage of food, housing, and health care. Also, sanitation is poor if there is any at all, and the water is contaminated because of the sewage running through it. This is why political instability and rapid urbanization cause problems in the developing world today.

Nations within the developing sections of the world have attempted to improve their situation in many ways. For example, these developing nations want to promote economic diversity and education. Economic diversity can be defined as producing various kinds of crops and goods so that the nation is not dependent on a single export.

By promoting education, governments set up schools to train students in the skills needed in a modern industrial economy, therefore creating more skilled workers for jobs in the management field as opposed to labor. The examples of economic diversity and education are ways in which nations within the developing world have attempted to change their situations.

In conclusion, the economic situation which exists in the developing world today, is dependence on the industrialized world. They are dependent because they need a market for their resources, and the products of industry. This situation contributed to problems such as political instability, and rapid urbanization. Developing nations are attempting to change these situations through the promotion of economic diversity, and education.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Developing Nation

    ...Navigate Developing Nations Introduction Developing Nations Chapter 1: What Are the Problems Facing Developing Nations? Developing Nations Chapter 2:Will Globalization Harm Developing Nations? Developing Nations Chapter 3: Should Industrialized Nations Play an Active Role in the Developing World? Developing Nations Cha...

    Read More
  • A developing nation

    ...Throughout history there have been many significant events and people. These events and people were the foundation for the development of a nation. The obstacles that were faced by those that settled and developed America were not only on unknown soil but were centered on the unknown in general. During the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries there we...

    Read More
  • Common Problems of Developing Nations

    ...Developing countries face a vast range of problems. One of the problems they face is a low standard of living. With the exception of small elite groups the people in these countries have low incomes, inadequate housing, poor health, limited education, high infant mortality, and low life expectancies. Low levels of living and low production go h...

    Read More
  • Health Problems in Developing Nations

    ...Health problems in developing Nations. Many health problems of the developing world arise from the interaction of three forces; infectious diseases, especially of infants and young children , malnutrition and uncontrolled population growth. Infectious disease takes a terrible toll. There are about a billion cases each year of some of the c...

    Read More
  • The Impact of Free Trade on Developing Nations

    ...important for countries for hundreds of years as it opens up billions of dollars for nations, as well as new resources and technology. (Economy Watch 2010, P.1) Countries trade when on their own; they do not have the resources or ability to satisfy their wants and needs. They produce a surplus of a certain resource and trade it for something th...

    Read More
  • problems of pakistani nation

    ...Early life[edit] Khalid was born around c. 592 in Mecca to Walid ibn al-Mughira, the chief of the Banu Makhzum, a clan of the Arab tribe of Quraysh. He was Umar's cousin. His father was known in Mecca by the title of Al-Waheed- the One.[4] The three leading clans of Quraysh at that time were, Banu Hashim, Banu Abd-al-dar, and Banu Makh...

    Read More
  • Modernization

    ...Future Of Modernization Lisa M. Allen University of Phoenix Modernization is the process of social change in societies since industrialization, according to Peter Berger four characteristics are identified in modernization; the decrease of traditional communities, broadening of personal choice, an increase in social diversity, and looking...

    Read More
  • Problems of Developing Countries

    ...Institute.  Preface The Economic Issues series aims to make available to a broad readership of nonspecialists some of the economic research being produced on topical issues by IMF staff. The series draws mainly from IMF Working Papers, which are technical papers produced by IMF staff members and visiting scholars, as well as from policy-r...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.