Problems of modern higher education in Kazakhstan.
Due to the transition of Kazakhstan to market economy and new paradigm of education the Republic of Kazakhstan has faced many problems in restructuring and changing the system of education. A lot of changes have been introduced including the system of higher education since 1992. Some of them have brought excellent outcomes, some of them have not.Thus, the most serious problem of higher education in Kazakhstan consists not only in the lack of qualified and skilled specialists and unsufficient orientation of educational institutions in the practical training of future specialists but also it consists in misconception of credit system. It is common knowledge that the Republic of Kazakhstan has signed Bologna process also this fact involved a lot of changes. In 2011 there was a complete transition to three level higher education system: Bachelor program, Master Program and PhD program. In consequence of this event all the dissertation councils were closed and there are not any more candidates or doctors of sciences who graduate. Therefore there is an urgent problem of absence of research staff and university professors and Phd programs are under the state of establishment and they do not yet train enough specialists to substitute “old” candidates and doctors of sciences. Also it is necessary to tell about a problem of unsufficient orientation of educational institutions in the practical training of future specialists. Partly it develops due to low mobility of educational institutions which don't manage to introduce all innovations demanded in work of the modern employee in the training program. So, after graduating the university, every student, as a well-educated man will expect that his work will be a piece of cake, something at which his intellect would allow him to excel without undue effort. But unfortunately, whenever, he will realize that he is woefully ill - equipped...
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