Problems in the Large Scale Implementation of Electric Cars

Topics: Electric vehicle, Zero-emissions vehicle, Internal combustion engine Pages: 9 (2080 words) Published: August 1, 2010
Problems/concerns Regarding Large Scale Implementation of Electric Cars

Table of Contents
List of Tables and Figures ..........................................................................................1 Introduction ................................................................................................................2 Background: ....................................................................................................................2 The Century Old Electric Car!....................................................................................2 The Worlds First Production Electric Vehicle!...........................................................2 General Motors EV1 Specifications!....................................................................3 Present Day Electric Cars! .........................................................................................3 Nissan Leaf Specifications!..................................................................................3

Problem Statement ..........................................................................................................4 Higher initial cost of electric vehicles!........................................................................4 Battery life, longevity and replacement costs!...........................................................4 Limited vehicle range and slow recharge rates!........................................................4 Redirected Carbon Emissions: From Tailpipes to Smoke Stacks! .............................5 Government Policies and Money Hungry Oil Companies! .........................................5

Significance ......................................................................................................................6

Conclusion ...................................................................................................................7 Recommendations ......................................................................................................8 References ...................................................................................................................9 Appendix....................................................................................................................10 Professional Bio .............................................................................................................10 Annotated Bibliography................................................................................................10

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Problems/concerns Regarding Large Scale Implementation of Electric Cars

1

List of Tables and Figures
Figure
 1:
 Early
 Electric
 Cars,
 1902
 Phaeton
 (right)
 &
 1918
 Detroit
 (left)..................2 Figure
 2:
 1996
 General
 Motors
 EV1.......................................................................3 Figure  3:
 2011
 Nissan
 Leaf....................................................................................4 Figure  4:
 Electric/Gas
 MSRP
 Comparison...............................................................4 Table  1:
 Net
 Generation
 by
 Major
 Energy
 Source:
 Total
 (All
 Sectors)........................5 Table
 2:
 Timeline
 of
 Global
 Fossil
 Carbon
 Emissions...............................................6

Problems/concerns Regarding Large Scale Implementation of Electric Cars

2

Introduction
Background: The Century Old Electric Car Electric cars are hardly a new concept, “the electric vehicle has been around for over 100 years.” ("Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: History of Electric Vehicles.") These early electric cars, shown in Figure 1, were quiet and clean in comparison to internal combustion engine vehicles and therefore were preferred by those who could afford them. However, several major developments led to their extinction: • Crude...

References: Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Program. (2010). Retrieved May 08, 2010 from California Air Resource Board: http://www.arb.ca.gov/msprog/zevprog/zevprog.htm "How can 6 pounds of gasoline create 19 pounds of Carbon dioxide?." Fuel Economy . N.p., n.d. Web. 10 July 2010. . Batteries don’t last forever and eventually need to be replaced. Electric/Hybrid cars require a large number of batteries, this article looks into the high cost of replacing them. This article will act as a devil’s advocate when weighing the pros and cons of purchasing an electric vehicle.
Stewart B. (2008, October 2). Toyota, Experts See Plug-in Car Trouble: Electric Reality Check, Retrieved June 11, 2010, from http://www.popularmechanics.com/cars/alternative-fuel/ electric/4285557 This article is a supplemental resource opposing hybrid cars due to rising concerns regarding battery replacement costs. Marshall Wise, G. Page Kyle, James J. Dooley, Son H. Kim, (2010, March). The impact of electric passenger transport technology under an economy-wide climate policy in the United States: Carbon dioxide emissions, coal use, and carbon dioxide capture and storage, International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, Volume 4, Issue 2, The Ninth International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, Pages 301-308, ISSN 1750-5836, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2009.09.003. Retrieved June 10, 2010, from http:// www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/ B83WP-4X9632N-1/2/5ba5def82029441a1efeeb38b345830b This research document contains a comprehensive analysis of the impact electric cars have on the United States climate policy. It examines how the power grid will be effected by the introduction of a large number of electric cars and therefore is relative to my proposal. Paine, C. (Writer/Director). (2006). Who Killed the Electric Car?.[DVD]. Sony Pictures Home Entertainment. “Who killed the Electric Car?” is a interesting documentary that examines the controversy behind the destruction of GM’s EV1, an electric car introduced in 1994. The documentary supports my proposal by showing the impact government policies and money hungry oil companies had on electric cars.
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