PROBLEMATIZE THE EXODUS-LIBERATION-SETTLEMENT MOTIF FROM THE ADIVASI PERSPECTIVE
Prepared: Kyrshanborlang Mawlong.
Introduction: In this paper we are trying to discussion the difficulties that the Israelites faced during staying in Egypt and how God response to their crying by liberated them from the hand of the Egyptian and also how they enter and settled in Canaan. But, this liberation of the Israelite by God create an impact on the indigenous people of the Canaan, we could see there are many problems or difficulties of Canaanite in mix up with Israelites either in culture, religious and social as a whole. We will also see the situation of Adivasi in India how they are suppressed by the oppressors or non- Adivasis/high caste. The Adivasi are facing many problems in their life just like the Canaanite has met. 1. Exodus Event: Biblical perspective
The date of the liberating event of the Israelites from Egyptian bondage is a debated question. Walter C. Kaiser in his book “A History of Israel: From the Bronze Age Through The Jewish Wars,” assert that the Israelites left Egypt around 1270-1250 B.C. and entered Canaan around 1230-1220 B.C.
The events of Exodus show how God by his grace chose the people of Israel and entered into a deeper relationship with them. The story begins with the family of Jacob, which moved to Egypt to escape the famine. After Jacob’s son Joseph rose from slavery to become Pharaoh’s right-hand person, Jacob’s family migrated and settled in Egypt. The biblical record affirms that the Israelites were fruitful and prolific; they multiplied and grew exceedingly strong, so that the land was filled with them. Then a new king arose who did not know Joseph. He wants to get rid of the Israelite because of the fear that they would fight against them and run away from the land. The method he used was that the king made them forced labourers and put taskmasters over them. The Egyptians thus oppressed them ruthlessly and imposed heavy task on them and made their lives bitter. So the Israelites groaned and cried to their God of the Ancestors to liberate them. In the midst of their suffering, Yahweh was not silent and inactive; He took initiatives and raises up Moses to lead the Israelites out of bondage and Joshua to lead the Israelites to enter, conquest and settled in Canaan. 2. Liberation:
As mention above, Israelites experienced the cruelty and exploitation of the Egyptians and even not paid properly but provide with food supply. In the phase of bondage the Israelites crying out from oppression. Their cry is not a prayer, but one of pain. But it reaches God’s ear given His concern for the threat to His creation. Yahweh through Moses performed many miracles. These miracles affected the economy of the land of Egypt. Water got polluted. Agriculture suffered. They lost their sons and animals. These force the king Pharaoh to let the Israelites go. But, as Pharaoh hearing of the direction in which the Israelites were headed, he know that they would encounter the river Yam Suph, so he change his mind and sent his elite chariot corps after them (Exodus 14:6-10). But Yahweh took initiative and delivered His people with three distinct miracles, that is, a shift in position of the cloud, opening the water and the closing the water.
The number of people who moved out from Egypt was very large. According to Exodus 12:37, 38:26; Number 1:46; 2:32; 11:21; 26:51, the approximate figure was 600,000 as the number of men. 3.
After Moses died, Joshua became the new leader of the Israelites. The biblical accounts of the conquest and settlement cover four main areas: Transjordania, the Central Hill country, the Southern region, and the North. Joshua himself was prepared for conquest. The conquest of Jericho was a sample victory. Israel simply followed the instructions of the Lord. The Israelites marched around the city seven times, the walls of the city fell and they could enter to take...
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