Pros and cons of problem oriented policing
Science is one of the most marvelous advancements in today’s society due to the analysis and research that has been done to accompanied brilliant minds. Analysis is essential for advancement, whether we are referring to economical topics, medical, or social developments. Analysis and research is the cornerstone of every valuable development. Problem oriented policing fosters the principles of analysis, bisection of the problem and cures to its causes, all within the rams of human discretion. Problem oriented policing was developed by Professor Herman Goldstein, who taught at the University of Wisconsin, located in Madison. The first initiative to problem oriented policing was tested in Madison police headquarters in 1979(Eck 119). The development of problem oriented policing as the new way of policing led to the development of SARA, which was develop in Newport News, Virginia in 1987 by John E. Eck and William Spellman (Braga 134). Problem oriented policing stresses a hand full of proactive models of combating crime in our communities. But throughout the course of the years the one thing that police innovations have showed us is that every innovation comes with strengths and shortcomings. Nevertheless, problem-oriented policing has been an influential and trendy form of policing in our contemporary era. In the article Is Problem-oriented Policing Effective in Reducing crime and Disorder? DavidWeisburd and his colleagues mention the popularity it has had with our federal agencies “The U.S. federal agency, the Office of Community-Oriented Policing Services (COPS), adopted POP as a key strategy and funded the Center for Problem-Oriented Policing (popcenter.org) and developed more than 50 problem-specific guides for police” (pg. 141). The Problem-Oriented Policing center it was created to make it easier for law enforcement agencies to access information to prevent crime more easily. The POP center is non-profit, and developed by universities, police practitioners, and researchers. The website offers valuable information ranging from analysis tools, teaching aid, important research studies outcomes, and guidelines.
Most of the problem oriented policing guidelines require the police officers concentration on high-call locations. It also requires the police to be connected with other government and private agencies, in order to tackle crime from the root of the problem, agencies must come together. The use of mediation and negotiation skills from the officers is also very important, since now they would be dealing differently than they are used to dealing with crime. A more discriminate use of powers and procedures from the officers, as well as using civil law to control public nuisances, offensive behavior and conditions contributing to crime. Problem oriented policing has a more hands on approach about the community problems, the officer would have to use his/her common sense to deal with everyday job situations. Problem oriented police argues that enforcing laws without scanning and analyzing the problem will not help the community prevent that specific problem. In other words, in a debate of policy versus common sense, the common sense should win. John E. Eck in his article Science, Values, and Problem-oriented Policing: Why Problem-oriented Policing? beautifully describes problem-oriented policing’s main approach “It shifts policing to a scientific approach to preventing crime and away from the routine application of the law” (117). Creativeness is one of its main components, officers using the problem-oriented policing model should not treat every situation as a routine procedure. Officers should ask questions in order to properly address the community problems. This gives the officers discretion for every case, but not with first analyzing the problem. As John Eck mentions “If police focused more on what they were supposed to accomplish...
Bibliography: Scott S. Michael. ”Getting the Police to take Problem-Oriented Policing Seriously.” Crime Prevention Studies 15 (2003):49-77. Print
Weisburd, David; Co W. Telef; Joshua C. Hinkle and John E. Eck. “Is Problem-Oriented Policing Effective in Reducing crime and Disoder?: Findings from Campbell Systematic Review” American Society of Criminology 9.1 (2010) 139-172. Print
Eck, John E. “Science, Values and Problem-Oriented Policing: Why Problem Oriented Policing?” Police Innovation: Contrasting Perspectives 6(2006): 117-132. Print
Braga, Anthony A. and David Weisburd. “Problem-Oriented policing: The Disconnect between Principle and Practice” Police Innovation: Contrasting Perspectives 7(2006): 133-152. Print
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