A research problem is essential in defining the quality of answers, and also determines the exact research method used. The research problem provides the background of the research study and typically introduce the questions that the researchers wants to study.
The problem has to clearly indicate why your problem is an important one by answering questions such as these: • Is the research problem of current interesting?
• Is the research problem continuous into the future?
• Is the information about the problem have practical application? • How large is the population affected to the problem? • Would this study can broad existing information and knowledge? • Is there opinion from others to support the needs of information in this research? When you begin writing a proposal, take some time to map out your research strategy. A good first step is to formulate a research problem. A Research Problem is a statement that identifies the phenomenon to be studied. A well focused research question points out directly into the hypothesis. Hypothesis:
A research hypothesis can stand for a test of time, it must be testable, talks about the current knowledge, and also realistic. "A hypothesis is a logical supposition, a reasonable guess, an educated conjecture. It provides a tentative explanation for a phenomenon under investigation." (Leedy and Ormrod, 2001). A hypothesis is important because it guides the research. A researcher may refer to the hypothesis to direct his or her thought process toward the solution of the research problem or subproblems. The hypothesis helps a researcher to collect the right kinds of information needed for the research. Often times, a researcher will formulate a hypothesis based on the problem or subproblems of the research. The hypothesis is driven by the research question. The Problem and the Hypothesis:
The problem and the hypothesis are bases of theory. Selecting a research problem is an exciting intellectual exercise. A hypothesis states what we are looking for, and it helps the researchers to carry out the essence of the problem easily. Thus, a theory states a logical relationship between facts. The relation between the hypothesis and theory was very close. According to Kerlinger: “Problems and hypothesis advance scientific knowledge by helping the researcher confirm or disconfirm theory” (Kerlinger, 1972:21). According to Bailey, “Explanations and predictions are provided by the theories” (Bailey, 1994:41). The problem and the hypothesis are the fundamental of any research. Through the problems and the hypothesis, they determine the variables that will have to be used and measure in the study as well as the process by which those variables relationships are to be tested. Problems and hypothesis go through the scientific investigation. Problems and hypothesis are summarized relational statements, enable the researcher to analyzed empirical manifestations involved. Selecting of problem is often difficult, moreover, when this is coupled with a lack of understanding of the nature of research, its broadness in scope, the unsuitability of the problem. One has to examine his ability and capability when choosing a problem because it cannot be done without its methodical basis. There are also criteria that we have to follow in choosing a research problem. These are: it should express the relationship between the variables in problem; it should be well said in statements, usually in question form; and should be appropriate in carrying out the operations or activities. But then, there are research problem that need to be avoided as they are not feasible and solvable. According to Catane among them are: those that deal with ethical (or moral ) questions; questions that do not require a mental struggle; when a machine can take the place of a researcher to provide answers to questions; question whose answers are already...
References: Catane, Juliet A. Conducting Research: A Practical Application. Quezon City: JMC Press, 2000.
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