Topics: Probiotic, Lactobacillus, Bacteria Pages: 5 (1474 words) Published: April 28, 2013
What are probiotics?
Probiotics are bacteria that help maintain the natural balance of organisms (microflora) in the intestines. An estimated 100 trillion microorganisms representing more than 500 different species inhabit every normal, healthy bowel. These microorganisms generally don’t make us sick; most are helpful. Gut-dwelling bacteria keep pathogens in check, aid digestion and nutrient absorption, and contribute to immune function. Probiotic therapies suggest that certain probiotics may help maintain remission of ulcerative colitis and prevent relapse of Crohn’s disease and the recurrence of pouchitis (a complication of surgery to treat ulcerative colitis). The largest group of probiotic bacteria in the intestine is lactic acid bacteria, of which Lactobacillus acidophilus, found in yogurt with live cultures, is the best known. Yeast is also a probiotic substance. But only certain types of bacteria or yeast (called strains) have been shown to work in the digestive tract. Probiotics are also available as dietary supplements.

Lactobacillus and Bifidobacteria
Lactobacillus and Bifidobacteria is a type of bacteria. These are "friendly" bacteria that normally live in our digestive, urinary, and genital systems without causing disease. Lactobacillus is also found in some fermented foods like yogurt and in dietary supplements. Lactobacillus is also used for infection with Helicobacter pylori, the type of bacteria that causes ulcers. It is also used for high cholesterol, lactose intolerance, Lyme disease, hives, and to boost the immune system.

What are probiotics used for?
Many people use probiotics to prevent diarrhea, gas, and cramping caused by antibiotics. Antibiotics kill "good" (beneficial) bacteria along with the bacteria that cause illness. A decrease in beneficial bacteria may lead to digestive problems. Taking probiotics may help replace the lost beneficial bacteria. This can help prevent diarrhea. A decrease in beneficial bacteria may also lead to other infections, such as vaginal yeast and urinary tract infections, and symptoms such as diarrhea from intestinal illnesses. Probiotics may be used to:

Help with other causes of diarrhea, especially following treatment with certain antibiotics •Help prevent infections in the digestive tract.
Help control immune response (inflammation), as in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). •Prevent and treat vaginal yeast infections and urinary tract infections •Reduce bladder cancer recurrence
Speed treatment of certain intestinal infections
Prevent and treat eczema in children
Prevent or reduce the severity of colds and flu
Preventing tooth decay and for preventing or treating other oral health problems such as gingivitis and periodontitis.

What are prebiotics?
Prebiotics help keep beneficial bacteria healthy. They basically are non-digestible foods that end up in your digestive system to help beneficial bacteria (probiotics) grow and flourish. The prebiotics that feed the 'good' bacteria in your GI tract primarily come from carbohydrate fibers called oligosaccharides that you don't digest. They remain in your digestive system to help boost the growth of beneficial bacteria. Natural sources of prebiotics include …

Raw Honey...
whole grains
honey and artichokes.

World’s health times
During Roman times, people ate sauerkraut because of its taste and benefits to their overall health. •In ancient Indian society, it became commonplace (and still is) to enjoy a before-dinner yogurt drink called a lassi. These Indian traditions were based on the principle of using sour milk as a probiotic delivery system to the body. •Bulgarians are known both for their health and their high consumption of fermented milk and kefir. •In Asian cultures, pickled fermentations of cabbage, turnips, eggplant, cucumbers, onions, squash and carrots still exist today. •People of the Ukraine...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Probiotics Essay
  • Prebiotics and Probiotics Essay
  • Probiotics Essay
  • Description Of Probiotics Essay
  • formulation and evaluation of probiotic beverage Essay
  • Probiotics Essay
  • Probiotics Business Essay
  • Probiotics Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free