Probation and Parole System in Florida and Illinois

Topics: Prison, Parole, Criminal law Pages: 10 (3398 words) Published: April 14, 2009
Regrettably, the world we live in is one of corruption and an unsatisfactory criminal justice system. Whether because of condition, upbringing, imperfect decisions, substance abuse, or complete bad timing and chance, all of us discover ourselves in circumstances we'd rather not be in all through our lives; some of us observe ourselves in circumstances rather worse than that of most individuals. One of those situations is observed in the event of receiving an imprisonment sentence. On top of the sentence itself, the stigmatism of having a confinement record can make life very challenging - but, of course, in detention centers, one can't earn a considerable wage at all. Probation and Parole

When a person perpetrates a crime worthy of a jail punishment, that person is sentenced to a particular amount of time in incarceration. That may extend from an overnight stay to a couple weeks or a month to a phase of years to a complete lifetime. Apparently, the more time an individual is sentenced to, the more time he'd choose to not expend. There are two fundamental types of sentence: determinate and indeterminate. The dissimilarity is a very fundamental one and signified by the names themselves; a determinate punishment is a specific period of time, such as, for example, five years for armed theft. The other kind of punishment, indeterminate, encompasses a range of time the typical “eighteen to life” is a good illustration of this. The substitute to serving jail sentence is to live in the general public under government supervision; this takes diverse aspects in the two concepts of parole and probation. Probation regulation and the process of parole permit prisoners to expend productive time in community if they are deemed competent of doing so harmoniously and in a law abiding manner by the authorities. (Dignan) On first observation, a person might think that probation and parole are just two expressions for the exact same thing that is not at all the basis. These are two diverse processes meant as two diverse but related types of alternative sentence. Probation is the one premeditated for the lesser of the two misconducts, and is a punishment ordered by the judge. It is typically issued instead of a punishment of jail time, but sometimes can be added up onto a jail punishment as a lengthened period of punishment following a prison duration. A man or woman on probation is far more constrained than normal general public, and may be necessitated based on probation law to surrender to the observation and regulation of a probation administrator, depending on how severe the nature of the crime which was perpetrated. Parole, on the other hand, is a provisional discharge granted to some prisoners after they’ve served a fraction of their sentences. Bear in mind that parole is a privileged opportunity, not a right; parole can merely be earned by respectable behavior. Unlike probation, which is an element of a judge’s punishment, parole is approved by a board of parole or committee in most states. Paroles are provisional; a parolee will be demanded to remain in the neighborhood (to not leave the state or metropolis limits, for instance) and to report on a standard basis to a parole official. Violations of those prerequisites, by leaving the area or neglecting to report, will consequence in revocation of parole and re- detention. While probation and parole are both regarded as community rectifications and involve guardianship in the community, they vary in other regards. Probation is a sentencing preference available to district judges. Convicted lawbreakers are released by the court to complete a punishment under court-imposed situations for a particular period. It is considered a substitute to incarceration. In most instances the entire probation punishment is served under guardianship in the community. The court preserves the authority to administer, adjust conditions, revoke probation and resentence if the probationer...

Bibliography: Cohen, Mark A. The Costs of Crime and Justice. Routledge, 2005.
Dignan, James. Understanding Victims and Restorative Justice. Open University Press, 2005.
Evans, Donald G. "Seeking to Develop a Best Value Probation Service." Corrections Today, Vol. 68
Hawken, Angela. "Fixing the Parole System: A System Relying on Swiftness and Certainty of
Punishment Rather Than on Severity Would Result in Less Crime and Fewer People in
Prison." Issues in Science and Technology, Vol. 24 (2008).
Williams, Brian. Victims of Crime and Community Justice. Jessica Kingsley, 2005.
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