Correction facilities being ran privately instead of being run by the government is a growing concept that has been meet with both praise and skeptisism. Pratt and Maahs, describe privatization in corrections as a growth industry state “Rooted primarily in the political and economic context of the 1980s. The movement to privatize public services has received increasing support in response to taxpayer demands that government provide more services with fewer resources. Advocates of correctional privatization often argue from a ‘public choice’ theoretical perspective… holding that private entities can provide correctional services at a lower cost than governmental agencies. At best, however, the empirical evidence for this claim- - the efficiency hypothesis- - remains inconclusive”. The practice of privatization has received its share of criticism. There is concern being expressed over the possibility that prison conditions may deteriorate as a result of an effort to save money. “Coercive confinement carries with it an obligation to meet the basic need of the prisoner, “states Logan. “Thus, measures of health care, safety, sanitation, nutrition, and other aspects of basic living conditions are relevant. Furthermore, confinement must meet a constitutional standard of fairness and due process, so it is not just the effectiveness and efficiency, but also the procedural justice with which confinement is imposed that is important.” Logan goes on to describe confinement as” much more than just warehousing” (Logan 1990) The goal of confinement should be, instead, to promote the rehabilitation of prisoners and ensure that they are housed in decent and humane conditions. No one is advocating for luxury living for inmates but if occupational skills, education, and safe living are not provided inmates will not rehabilitate. Logan is among observers of privatization who contend “it is reasonable and realistic to expect quality from commercially...
References: 1999, Pratt, T.C., & Maahs, J., Are private prisons more cost-effective than public prisons? A meta-analysis of evaluation research studies. Crime & Delinquency
1996, Archambeault, William G. “Cost Effectiveness Comparisons of Private VS. Public Prisons In Louisiana: A Comprehensive Analysis of Allen, Avoyelles, and Winn Correctional Centers.”, Executive Summary, Office of Correctional Services, School of Social Work, Louisiana State University
1996, Gilliard, Darell K., Prison and Jail Inmates: 1995 Bureau of Justice and Statistics Bulletin, Office of Justice programs – US Department of Justice.
1990, Logan, Charles H. Private Prisons: Pros and Cons. New York: Oxford University Press
1994 Reynolds. Morgan O. “Using the Private Sector to Deter Crime.” National Center for Policy Analysis Policy Report # 181
2010 Private prison, In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 04:08, February 8, 2010, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Private_prison&oldid=335314471
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