Private Banks

Topics: Private banking, Bank, Offshore bank Pages: 5 (1379 words) Published: April 10, 2013
Historically, private banking has been viewed as a very exclusive niche that only caters to High-net-worth individuals (HNWIs) with liquidity over $2 million, though it is now possible to open private banking accounts with as little as $250,000 for private investors.[1] An institution's private banking division provides services such as wealth management, savings, inheritance, and tax planning for their clients. A high-level form of private banking (for the especially affluent) is often referred to as wealth management. For private banking services clients pay either based on the number of transactions, the annual portfolio performance or a "flat-fee", usually calculated as a yearly percentage of the total investment amount.[2] "Private" also alludes to bank secrecy and minimizing taxes through careful allocation of assets, or by hiding assets from the taxing authorities. Swiss and certain offshore bankshave been criticized for such cooperation with individuals practicing tax evasion. Although tax fraud is a criminal offense in Switzerland, tax evasion is only a civil offence, not requiring banks to notify taxing authorities.[3] Historically, private banking has developed in Europe (see the List of private banks). Some banks in Europe are known for managing assets of some royal families. The assets of the Princely Family of Liechtenstein is managed by LGT Bank (founded in 1920). The assets of the Dutch royal family is managed by MeesPierson (founded in 1720). The assets of the British Royal Family is managed by Coutts (founded in 1692). In Switzerland, there are many banks providing private banking service.[4] From Congress of Vienna in 1815 Switzerland has remained neutral including the time of two World Wars. After World War I, the former nobles of Austro-Hungarian Empire moved their assets to Switzerland for fear of confiscation by new governments.[5] During World War II, many wealthy people, including Jewish families and institutions, moved their assets into Switzerland to protect them from Nazi Germany. However, this transfer of wealth into Switzerland had mixed and controversial results, as beneficiaries had difficulties retrieving their assets after the war.[6] After World War II, in east Europe, assets were again moved into Switzerland for fear of confiscation by communistic governments. Today, Switzerland remains the largest offshore center, with about 27 percent ($2.0 trillion) of global offshore wealth in 2009, according to Boston Consulting Group.[7] (Offshore wealth is defined as assets booked in a country where the investor has no legal residence or tax domicile) In England private banks were established in 17th century, in parallel with the development of agriculture, managing the assets of the royal family, nobility and the landed gentry. The United States has one of the largest scale private banking systems in part due to the 3.1 million HNWIs accounting for 28.6% of the global HNWIs population in 2010, according to the co-research of Capgemini and Merrill Lynch.[8] Some American banks that specialize in private banking date back to 19th century, such as U.S. Trust (founded in 1812) and Northern Trust (founded in 1889). -------------------------------------------------

[edit]Private banking rankings
According to Euromoney's annual Private banking and wealth management ranking 2013, which consider (amongst other factors) assets under management, net income and net new assets, global private banking assets under management grew just 10.8%YoY (compared with 16.7% ten years ago).[9] "Best private banking services overall 2013". This table displays results of one category of the Private banking ranking. [10] Rank 2013| Company| Rank 2012|

1| UBS| 2|
2| Credit Suisse| 1|
3| JPMorgan| 4|
4| HSBC| 3|
5| Citi| 5|
6| Deutsche Bank| 6|
7.| Merrill Lynch Wealth Management| 9|
8| Santander| 8|
9| BNP Paribas| 7|
10| Goldman Sachs| 11|
UBS took the top spot in...
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