1.1 Define the following types of abuse:
• Physical abuse involving contact intended to cause feelings of intimidation, injury, or other physical suffering or bodily harm.
• Sexual abuse is the forcing of undesired sexual behaviour by one person upon another.
• Emotional/psychological abuse may involve threats or actions to cause mental or physical harm; humiliation; isolation.
• Financial abuse is the illegal or unauthorised use of a person’s property, money, pension book or other valuables.
• Institutional abuse involves failure of an organisation to provide appropriate and professional individual services to vulnerable people. It can be seen or detected in processes, attitudes and behaviour that amount to discrimination through unwitting prejudice, ignorance, thoughtlessness, stereotyping and rigid systems.
• Self-neglect is a behavioural condition in which an individual neglects to attend to their basic needs, such as personal hygiene, appropriate clothing, feeding, or tending appropriately to any medical conditions they have.
• Neglect is a passive form of abuse in which the perpetrator is responsible to provide care, for someone, who is unable to care for oneself, but fails to provide adequate care to meet their needs. Neglect may include failing to provide sufficient supervision, nourishment, medical care or other needs.
1.2 Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse:
• Physical abuse when you have Bruises, pressure marks, broken bones, abrasions, and burns may indicate physical abuse or neglect.
• Sexual abuse can be bruises around the breasts or genital area, as well as unexplained bleeding around the genital area, pregnancy, STI’s may be signs of sexual abuse.
• Emotional/psychological abuse can be unexplained withdrawal from normal activities, changes in behaviour and unusual depression may be indicators of