Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care Hsc 024

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1. How to recognise signs of abuse
1.1 & 1.2 Define the following types of abuse and explain the signs and symptoms- TYPE OF ABUSE | DEFENITION | SIGNS/SYMPTOMS | Physical abuse | This is any form of harm caused to the body. | Bruises, finger marks, fractures, dislocations, scratches, cuts, pressure sores, black eyes, scalds, cigarette burns, history of unexplained injuries, accidental overdose, poisoning, deterioration in health, weight loss, soiled clothing/bedding, inappropriate clothing, mood changes, not wanting to be alone with certain individuals. | Sexual abuse | A sexual act is carried out without the consent or understanding of the individual. | Bruises, scratches, bite marks, changes in sexual behaviours, sexual abuse to others, self injury, destructive behaviour, alcohol/drug abuse, suicide attempts, withdrawn, aggression, tearful, anxiety, infections, pregnancy, abdominal pain, frequent masturbation, changes in behaviours, weight gain/loss, changes in appearance, | Emotional / psychologicalabuse | Individuals being bullied, controlled, intimidated or taken advantage of | Individuals needs being ignored, reports of shouting, screaming, swearing, scared of raised voices, distressed, being teased, being humiliated, un respected, not being given choice, opinion, dignity, privacy, being undermined. | Financial abuse | Controlling or spending an individual’s money | Not being made aware of own finances, family controlling individuals money and not making it available for the individual to use, control of their finances being taken away even if able to deal with them, sudden changes in the individuals will, personal belongs going missing, unusual spending patterns, others moving into the individuals property. | Institutional abuse | Being made to follow what individuals think you should follow | Set meal times, set bedtimes, freedom restricted or

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