Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care

Pages: 6 (3732 words) Published: January 7, 2015
L3- HSC Technical Certificate unit worksheet
Unit 204 – Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care

The numbers in the bracket after each question relate to the assessment criteria in the standards

1. Define the following types of abuse: (1.1.1)
A. physical abuse
Physical abuse is when someone is using physical force to hurt/ injure, this can include punching, kicking, punching. It may or may not leave marks/ bruises on the body B. sexual abuse
Sexual abuse is the force of sexual activity by one person on another, as by the use of threats or coercion. C. emotional/psychological abuse
Emotional/ psychological abuse is a form of abuse is when another person is subjected or exposed to another’s’ behaviour that may result in psychological trauma. D. financial abuse
Financial abuse is when somebody’s financial situation is taken advantage or control of by another. This can include stealing, accepting inappropriate gifts. E. institutional abuse
Institutional abuse is poor or inadequate care or support, or poor practice that affects the whole care setting. It is when the individual’s wishes and needs are sacrificed for the smooth running of a group service or organisation. F.self-neglect

Self-neglect is when an individual doesn’t attend to their basic needs, for example personal hygiene, appropriate clothing (i.e. Wearing a coat when it’s cold), feeding or tending appropriately to any medical conditions they have. G. neglect by others

Neglect is the failure to provide necessary care, assistance, guidance, or attention that causes, or is reasonably likely to cause the person physical, mental or emotional harm.

2. Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse (1.1.2) Physical abuse: series of unexplained falls or major injuries. Injuries/ bruising at different stages of healing. Bruising in unusual places i.e. inner arm, thighs. Abrasions. Teeth indentations. Injuries to head or face. The service user becoming with drawn, more emotional, quiet, passive. Sexual abuse: change in behaviour, overt sexual language or behaviour, difficulty in walking or sitting, injuries to genital and/or anal area. Emotional/ psychological abuse: the service user may become withdrawn, depressed. Cowering and fearfulness, change in sleep patterns, agitation, confusion, change in behaviour, change in appetite/ weight Financial: unpaid bills, basic needs not being met, lack of cash on day to day basis. Institutional abuse: inability to make choices or decisions, agitation if routine is broken, disorientation, patterns of challenging behaviour. Self-neglect: malnourishment, massive loss/ gain of weight, lack of personal hygiene, dehydration, confusion, inappropriate clothing, under or over medication, absence of required aids i.e. canes, walking frames, skin sores. Neglect: the signs and symptoms of neglect and self neglect are very much the same the only difference is that neglect is when another person does not give the appropriate care to meet the individual’s basic needs, however self-neglect is when it is with the individual themselves. Other indicators of abuse are:

Destruction of physical environment
Turning night into day/sleep disturbance
Chronic incontinence
Extreme physical and/or emotional dependence
Verbal abuse and aggression to the carer
Changes in personality caused by illness and/ or medication
Non-compliance with carers wishes
Wandering/ absconding
Self-harm

3. Describe factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse (1.1.3) Factors may include if the individual rely on others for support, whether that be physically, emotionally, financially etc. when an individual relies on someone it gives the person that they are relying a power over that individual. The individual may be disabled, either physically or mentally, have learning disabilities, or not have the mental capacity to realise that this is happening to them. The...
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