Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care

Topics: Abuse, Child abuse, Bullying Pages: 7 (2084 words) Published: March 20, 2014
Unit 5

1.1
Physical abuse

Physical abuse involving contact planned to cause bodily harm, feelings of intimidation, other physical suffering or injury

• Sexual abuse

Sexual abuse is the forcing of undesired sexual behavior by one person upon another

• Emotional/psychological abuse

Emotional/psychological abuse may involve threats or actions to cause mental or physical harm; humiliation; violation

• Financial abuse
Financial abuse is the illegal or unauthorized use of a person’s money, property, pension book or other valuables.

• Institutional abuse
Institutional abuse involves failure of an organization to provide appropriate and professional individual services to vulnerable people. It can be seen or detected in processes, attitudes and behavior that amount to discrimination through unwitting prejudice, ignorance, thoughtlessness, stereotyping and rigid systems.

• Self neglect
Self-neglect is a behavioral condition in which an individual neglects to attend to their basic needs, such as personal hygiene, feeding, clothing, or medical conditions they might have.

• Neglect by others
Neglect is a passive form of abuse in which the wrongdoer is responsible to provide care, for someone, who is unable to care for oneself, but fails to provide adequate care to meet their needs. Neglect may include failing to provide sufficient supervision, nourishment, medical care or other needs.

1.2
Physical Abuse
Injuries that are the shape of objects
Injuries in a variety of stages or injuries that have not received medical attention A person being taken to many different places to receive medical attention Skin infections
Dehydration or unexplained weight changes or medication being lost Behavior that indicates that the person is afraid or avoiding the perpetrator Change of behavior

Sexual Abuse
Sexually transmitted diseases or pregnancy
Tears or bruises in genital/anal areas
Soreness when sitting
Signs that someone is trying to take control of their body image, for example, anorexia, bulimia or self-harm Sexualized behavior
Inappropriately dressed
Emotional Abuse
Difficulty gaining access to the adult on their own
The adult not getting access to medical care or appointments with other agencies Low self-esteem or lack of confidence and anxiety
Increased levels of confusion
Increased urinary or fecal incontinence
Sleep disturbance
The person feeling/acting as if they are being watched all of the time Decreased ability to communicate
Language being used that is not usual for the service user
Deference/submission to the perpetrator
Financial
Sudden loss of assets
Unusual or inappropriate financial transactions
Visitors whose visits always coincide with the day a person’s benefits are cashed Insufficient food in the house
Bills not being paid
A sense that the person is being tolerated in the house due to the income they bring in; sometimes with that person not included in the activities the rest of the family enjoys Institutional

treating adults like children
arbitrary decision making by staff group, service or organization strict, regimented or inflexible routines or schedules for daily activities such as meal times, bed / awakening times, bathing / washing, going to the toilet lack of choice or options, such as food and drink, dress, possessions, daily activities and social activities lack of privacy, dignity, choice or respect for people as individuals unsafe or unhygienic environment

lack of provision for dress, diet or religious observance in accordance with an individual’s belief or cultural background withdrawing people from individually valued community or family contact Neglect by self or others

Malnutrition
Rapid or continuous weight loss
Not having access to necessary physical aides
Inadequate or inappropriate clothing
Untreated medical problems
Dirty clothing/bedding
Lack of...
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