Unit Ref A/601/8574
Unit Credit Value 3
1. Know how to recognise signs of abuse
1.1 Define the following types of abuse:
Neglect by other
Physical abuse is an act of another party involving contact intended to cause feelings of physical pain, injury, or other physical suffering or bodily harm.
Sexual abuse is sexual activity that is deemed improper or harmful, as between an adult and a minor or with a person of diminished mental capacity.
Emotional abuse is any kind of abuse that is emotional rather than physical in nature.
Financial abuse is the misuse of a person 's funds and assets; obtaining property and funds without his/her knowledge and full consent.
Institutional Abuse occurs where the routines and regimes within care settings deny people rights, choices and opportunities.
Self-neglect is any failure of an adult to take care of himself or herself that causes, or is reasonably likely to cause within a short period of time, serious physical, mental or emotional harm or substantial damage to or loss of assets.
Neglect by others is the failure to provide necessary care, assistance, guidance or attention that causes, or is reasonably likely to cause the person physical, mental or emotional harm or substantial damage to or loss of assets
1.2 Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse.
Physical – bruising, fractures, burns, bed sores, fear, depression, weight loss.
Sexual – bruising, soreness around genitals, torn or stained underwear, STDs, pregnancy, change in behaviour.
Emotional – Fear, depression, confusion, change in behaviour, loss of sleep.
Financial – unexplained and unusual activity in bank account, unpaid bills, unexplained shortage of money, reluctance of person responsible for money to pay for essentials, fraud theft.