1. Develop a specific science for each job
Management first needs to break each job into individual tasks and determine which steps don't contribute to the end product. While I was working for a small manufacturing company, management decided that our department was due for an overhaul to streamline the work process and increase production. Our main job each day was to fill 80-100 bins with various parts. We walked about 10 miles on average each day. So, management redesigned the layout of the warehouse racks to reduce our walking distance by 66% and cut 2 hours from our work day.
2. Select men and train instead of having them train themselves
Management should be responsible for selecting the right people for each job and overseeing their training. This ensures that the training is conducted correctly.
3. Supervise to make sure that the work is being done according to the science of the job
After the workers and job processes are put in place, the managers in a company need to stay involved. This is very important. Just because a department is designed to be efficient does not prevent workers from falling back into bad work habits.
4. Managers should take a larger portion of the work.
Taylor's theory suggests that the work in a department should be split 50-50 between management and the workers. This not only takes some of the pressure off the workforce, but allows managers to stay involved in the daily processes of the department.
Principles of Management by Henri Fayol 1. DIVISION OF WORK: Work should be divided among individuals and groups to ensure that effort and attention are focused on special portions of the task. Fayol presented work specialization as the best way to use the human resources of the organization. 2. AUTHORITY: The concepts of Authority and responsibility are