Dignity: Dignity is a person 's right to be treated like a human being. When we talk about human dignity, we mean human rights. If people are treated with dignity, they usually have the right to make choices for themselves. Dignity also means people are treated with respect. When we talk about dignity of the elderly, for example, we mean treating them like adults and not like children. Dignity involves privacy as well. People often feel that their dignity is compromised when their privacy is taken away. Ultimately, dignity is the idea that human beings are different from animals.
Equality: Equality is the current term for ‘Equal Opportunities’. It is based on the legal obligation to comply with anti-discrimination legislation. Equality protects people from being discriminated against on the grounds of group membership i.e. sex, race disability, sexual orientation, religion, belief, or age.
Respect: Respect is an important way of being kind and good to other people. Respect means not making fun of others. Respect means thinking of how somebody else feels. Respect is treating another person the same way you’d want to be treated yourself.
Fairness: An example of fairness would be while playing a game. It’s fair when everyone plays by the rules of the game. It’s unfair when someone cheats. When that person breaks the rules, it gives them an advantage over the other players. If a rule-breaker wins, it’s not a fair win. Everyone should have an equal chance.
Privacy: Privacy may be defined as the claim of individuals, groups or institutions to determine when, how and to what extent information about them is communicated to others. Privacy is your right to control what happens with personal information about you.
If a person turns to an organisation for help, they do not lose their rights unless in danger to themselves or others.
References: BTEC level 2 Health and Social Care, Elizabeth Rasheed, Alison Hetherington and Jo Irvine