246 Support person-centred thinking and planning
1 Understand the principles and practice of person-centred thinking, planning and reviews
1.1 Identify the beliefs and values on which person-centred thinking and planning is based Person-centred thinking is taking or considering the individual as being at the centre of the whole process. The Service User (SU) is involved in the whole process from start to finish. He/she will be asked which people are important to them and family and friends will form a circle of support for them, this will help to enable that SU to feel that he/she is part of the process. Part of the process will be to have regular reviews and again, the SU will be part of the process and have creative input into any changes that need to be made to the circle of support. At all times it is very important to take into account an individual’s feelings and aspirations. It is also important to ensure the safeguarding of the Service User at all times
1.2 Define person-centred thinking, person-centred planning and person-centred reviews Person-centred thinking is separating what is important to, from what is important for The people they support and finding a balance between them, person-centred planning reflects upon a person’s capacities, what is important to a person (now and for the future) and specifies the support they require to make a valued contribution to their community. Services are delivered in the context of the life a person chooses and not about slotting people into “gaps
1.3 Describe the difference that person-centred thinking can make to individuals and their families All styles of planning require a trained person, called a person-centred planning facilitator, to support the process. These are skilled people who involve everyone in the person's life in their 'relationship circle'. They also encourage and support the individual to take control of their own plan. They are very creative in their methods and have extensive knowledge of advocacy, finance, housing issues, working with families, and how to develop better support for people. Families can also support person-centred plans, often using tools such as 'Families Leading Planning'. They make a commitment to the person to put plans into action
1.4 Describe examples of person-centred thinking tools
There are many ways to plan with a person. What is important is that the plan must be meaningful to them and understood by them. Some planning methods (or styles) include: MAPS (Making Action Plans) - . These are very visual graphic plans that look at a person's history and their aspirations for the future. PATHS (Planning Alternative Tomorrows with Hope) - This looks at a person's 'North Star' (dream for the future) and puts it into action, reviewing the plan in one to two years' time. Personal Futures Planning - A graphic plan which maps a person's life now and changes for the future. A good style for community mapping. Essential Lifestyle Planning - This is very detailed and was developed for people with high and complex support needs. It includes a section on communication. It will usually have a health action plan as well.
1.5 Explain what a ‘one page profile’ is
Learning what is important to and for someone can be recorded on one page to begin with. We call this a one-page profile. Usually, what is important for the person is framed as 'best support' or 'what we need to know or do to support the person'. A one-page profile typically has three sections: an appreciation about the person; what is important to that person from their perspective; and how to support them well. 1.6 Describe the person-centred review process
A one-page profile can also be the beginning of a more detailed person-centred description. Once you have a one-page profile, each person-centred thinking tool used both leads to actions and further information which can be added, so that the document turns from...
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