Principle Beliefs of Islam

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PRINCIPAL BELIEFS OF ISLAM

Write the 6 Articles of Faith (Aqida) below:

1 Tawhid
2 Angels
3 Books of Allah
4 Rusul
5 Akhira
6 Fate/Predestination

1.Tahwid
Islam is monotheistic
‘Witness’ or ‘Shahada’ – “There is no God but Allah and Mohammad is his prophet”
Tahwid = belief in the oneness of God
Allah is the eternal and all powerful creator
Allah is absolute unity, all-seeing, all-hearing and all-knowing

2. Angels
Are important to Islam – eg Angel Gabriel gave the Quran to Muhammad on behalf of Allah
Islam affirms the existence of spiritual beings, intermediary between humanity and Allah, who carry out Allah’s will in the world
They do not have free will
They do a variety of tasks eg help Muslims in battle, protect the gates of heaven and hell

3. Books of Allah

God revealed his truths to his prophets

Followers of Islam believe the Torah, Psalms and Gospels, had much in common with the teachings of Islam but over time the original teachings became distorted or lost
The Quran is the most complete and most true of all the Books of Allah

4. Rusul
Messengers or prophets from God
Muslims believe Islam is the oldest of the major religions as it has existed from the beginning of time and has been progressively revealed by God to humankind through a series of prophets who have spoken on behalf of God
Each rusul received a message that contained the same message as the Quran, but each of the earlier messages were corrupted by evil influences
25 prophets
The most important are those who introduced new teachings – Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, Jesus
To fix any errors that occurred with the message sent by God/Allah, the Quran was given to Mohammad - this is the final and complete revelation of Allah

5. Akhira
Life after death
There will be resurrection and judgement
The Day of Reckoning (Youm al-Qiyama)
Allah will pass sentence on each person and thoughts and actions of each person will be examined and the

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