Principals’ and Students’ Attitude Towards Provision of Guidance and Counselling Servises and Maintenance of Dicsipline in Secondary Schools of Nyamira District-Kenya

Topics: High school, Secondary education, Secondary school Pages: 26 (7296 words) Published: March 15, 2011

The overall running, control, tone maintenance, the general development of school education and all-round standards in secondary schools is the ultimate responsibility of the principals. They are particularly charged with the responsibility of fostering the right atmosphere for child growth and development (Calestine, 2002). Principals must constantly be in touch with all school activities, whether academic or co-curricular although they may delegate some of their many responsibilities to other members of staff (Republic of Kenya, 1979). In essence, the principal is held responsible in case of the failure of any activity or services in the school (Mbithi, 1974).

It is within this set up that this paper endevoured to investigate principals’ and students’ attitudes towards provision of guidance and counselling services and maintenance of discipline in schools of Nyamira District. The study also sought to determine the importance of guidance and counselling in the running of schools and establish whether principals were trained to guide and counsel students. The study used questionnaires for principals and students as research instruments which were issued to eighty (80) principals and four hundred and four (404) students drawn from sixty (60) public and twenty (20) private secondary schools. The questionnaires were each divided into three parts. The first part sought demographic information of the respondents and schools. The second part contained attitude items while the third part contained open-ended questions. Besides that, the study used interview schedules for principals and also observation schedule.

The study was Ex-Post Facto in design. Two-tailed T-test and One Way analyses of Variance (ANOVA) were used for data analysis. The T-test was used to test for significant differences between principals’ attitudes towards guidance and counselling in relation to their gender, and school category. ANOVA was used to test for significant differences between principals’ attitudes towards guidance and counselling and their age, teaching and administrative experiences. From the analyzed data, it emerged that only 24.4% of the principals were conversant with the objectives of guidance and counselling services in schools. The study also showed that principals and students were not adequately informed about the role of the teacher-counsellors. Besides, principals and teachers-counsellors lacked training in guidance and counselling skills and therefore they felt incompetent to guide and counsel.

Background of the study
The Ministry of Education views the school principal as a key player in initiating and organizing good guidance and counselling services (Rono, 1989). Roeber (1955:26) emphasized how important it is for principals to have positive attitudes towards school guidance and counselling by stating that; School administrators’ attitude towards any service in the school, whether new or old needs the acceptance and leadership of the school administrator. Without his/her approval and continued support, any service will wither on the vine because teachers and students sense and frequently adopt the school administrator’s attitude towards any service in the school.

Provision of guidance and counselling services in Kenyan schools was formally started in the 1970s. This was as a result of the 1967 and 1968 careers conference reports which was followed by the establishment of Guidance and Counselling Unit in the Ministry of Education in July, (1971). Before this year (1971), guidance and counselling services in schools mainly concentrated on career guidance which was almost entirely based on the voluntary efforts of teachers who somehow felt motivated to provide it. In secondary schools, guidance and...

References: Adamms P.R., (2006). Understanding Research methodology. New York: Longman.
Adhulas S., (2003). A survey of the role of secondary school head teacher in 2002’s: Strategies for future, Unpublished Post-graduate Diploma in Education Thesis, Kenyatta University: Nairobi- Kenya.
Adipo L.,(2000, July 15).Poor school administration. The Standard Newspaper, p.5.
Allportas P., (2003). Counselling Women. New York:Maximum.
Backman B. W., (2001). The nature and cause of job motivation. New York: Longman Inc. 95 Press.
Bast G.J., (2004). Research in Education; (6th ed.). Eaglewood Cliffs, New
Jersey: Prentice – Hall
Brumma L.K., (2000). High School problems. Oxford: Basil Blackwel.
Brammer L.M., (1998). Informal Helping System in Selected Sub-Cultures. Personnel and Guidance. Journal, 56, 476 – 479.
Calestine K.M (2002). Basic counselling skills in a counsellor. Nairobi: Oxford University Press.
Cottles W.O., (2001). Implementation of Guidance and Counselling programmes. New York: Brune and Shatton.
Daddeya B., & Broon C.J., (2006). The Forty-nine percent Majority Reading. M.A: Addison – Wesley: MA Addison.
Education Act Cap 212., (1968), Legal Notive N0. 40 under section 19-Education Regulations. Nairobi; Government printers.
Freud S.A.,(2006), Guidance and Counselling as a profession. Nairobi: Jomo Kenyatta Foundation.
Kerlinger F.N., (1986). Foundations of behavioural research 2nd Indian reprint (1983) Delhi:ss. Chhbra for subject.
Lytton B.N., (1974). Management theories in Practice. London: Macmillan.
Mbiti D.M., (1974). Foundations of school administration. Nairobi: Oxford University Press.
Moser L.E., (1963). Counselling and Guidance and Exploration. Eaglewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall Inc.
Mwenda R.B., (2005). Causes and Consequences of Drug abuse. Unpublished post-graduate diploma in education Thesis, Kenyatta University, Kenya.
Murk Podyay.M., (1989). Counselling in problems. London: Macmillan.
Norwhich, W., (2000). Principles of Discipline in schools. New South Wales: Nicholas Publishing Company.
Odupovi K.,(1999, October 29). Schools strike again. The Daily Nation Newspaper, PP.A3, A4.
Patterson H.C., (1962). An Introduction to counselling in the school. New York: Harper and Row Publishers.
Patterson J.H., (1974). Guidance service Development and Management : (2nd ed.). Columbus: Charles E. Merrol Publishing Co.
Republic of Kenya., (1979). Development Plan 1974 – 1983. Nairobi: Government Printer.
Roeber P., (1955). Educational organizations in Problems. London: Macmillan.
Rono., (1989, June). The Role of the teacher –counsellor in school counselling. Nairobi: Bureau of Education Research.
Sherif S. K., (1965). Improving Attitudes and Job Satisfaction. New Delhi, India: Sterling Publishing Private Ltd.
Sanders S. C., (2007). Fundamentals of Guidance. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.
SchuttleC.E., (1999). Organisation and Administration of Guidance services. New York: Mc Graw-Hill nc
Tattum P., (2002)
Tessler R.C., & Johnson P.J. (1972). Help seeking, self-esteem and achievement motivation. Attribution analysis. Journal of Personality on Social Psychology 21, pp.318 – 326.
Triandas H.C., (2006), Attitudes and Attitude Change. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Wachira J.N., (1997). Preparation of secondary school head teacher and implications on their administrative performance. Unpublished Master of Education Thesis, Kenyatta University; Nairobi-Kenya.
Wahome L.W., (2005). Training counsellors for effective practice. Paper presented at a seminar on guidance and counselling in Kenya, Kenyatta University.
Wanjohi K., (1995). A study to investigate perception of the role of the counsellor in secondary schools in Nyeri. Unpublished Master of Education Thesis, Kenyatta University Nairobi, Kenya.
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • The Study Investigated the Attitude of Secondary Students Towards Guidance and Counselling Services Essay
  • Attitude of Students Towards Counselling Services Essay
  • Efl Students’ Attitudes Towards Learning English Language: the Case of Libyan Secondary School Students Dr. Mohamad Jafre Zainol Abidin...
  • Guidance and Counselling Essay
  • Guidance and Counselling Essay
  • The Infuence of Management Strategies on Students’ Attitude Towards Mathematics in Secondary Schools in Eldoret Municipality, Kenya Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free