Prime Minister and the Cabinet

Topics: Westminster system, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Cabinet Pages: 2 (695 words) Published: June 8, 2010
British government system developed smoothly through the time. That is why it has very complicated and unique characteristics and features from the rest of the world. This essay will focus on executive brunch of British government. The main objective of this essay is to analyse whether Prime Minister is more powerful than British Cabinet. It will first explain and define what is meant by Cabinet and Prime Minister, followed by their roles and duties in government. It will then analyze and explain relationship between the Prime Minister and the Cabinet. In conclusion, it will summarise key ideas and principles. Prime Minister is a head of government whose power is secured in Britain from the leadership of largest party in the House of Commons. It is widely thought that Prime Minister is the most dominant figure in British government. The main goal of the Prime Minister is to direct and organize government policy and party manifesto. Certainly, Prime Minister has a very wide range of powers. The most important once are ability to appoint and dissolve ministers and senior civil servants, dissolve Parliament (choose timing of new general elections). The Cabinet is the country’s top executive committee. It usually contains about twenty or so ministers. Since the House of Commons is elected house of Parliament, it can be expected that most of the ministers will be from House of Commons. There is no doubt that Cabinet itself may divide into two parts itself. The first part is “inner circle”. The “inner circle” is formed from few ministers, who are expected to consult Prime Minister more frequently than other ministers. The cabinet itself does not make many of the major policy decisions. The most important roles of the Cabinet are a full legitimate authority upon government decisions, formal approval of decisions, final court of appeal and crisis management (i.e. wars, large strikes etc). The relationship between Prime Minister and the Cabinet is not simple and may...
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