Prevention of Spread of Hiv/Aids

Topics: HIV, AIDS / Pages: 8 (1810 words) / Published: Nov 26th, 2011
Introduction

There a three main ways the HIV can be spread:

1. Sexual intercourse

2. Intravenous drugs

3. Blood transfusions (which are very rare now because all blood is tested)

HIV is spreading like wild fire among adolescents because they don't believe it can happen to them.

Prevention for positives is only possible if a person knows his or her HIV status. Voluntary counseling and testing strategies (VCT), a cornerstone of HIV prevention, has generally been seen as a first defense against the spread of HIV disease, with the idea that a negative serological test, combined with prevention information, would inspire harm reduction. Recognizing the critical role of knowledge of status, many governments and organizations have recently moved to "opt-out testing" . Others have championed the implementation of universal routinized testing.

THE ABC APPROACH TO PREVENTION

Since the late 1980s it has been known that individuals can take action to either reduce or avoid altogether the risk of becoming infected with HIV through sexual transmission.

The risk can be avoided altogether by avoiding any sexual activities that could cause transmission of HIV (i.e. Abstain).

The risk can also be reduced, through avoiding sexual intercourse other than with a mutually faithful uninfected partner (i.e. Be faithful) or through the correct and consistent use of condoms (i.e. Condomise). Avoiding AIDS as easy as...

• A bstain

• B e faithful

• C ondomise

PREVENTION OF MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMITION.

An intervention known as “prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV,” or PMTCT, provides drugs, counseling and psychological support to help mothers safeguard their infants against the virus. Ensuring PMTCT is provided to all women that need it is our most effective way to end mother-to-child HIV transmission

Ensuring that no baby is born with HIV is an essential step towards achieving an AIDS-free generation. But far too few pregnant women and their infants

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