Preventing HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections in Thailand
Miami Dade College
Our second team project answers five questions about Case Study #2, Preventing HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections in Thailand and Chapter 10, Introduction to Global Health. This project will talk about the characteristics of the high-risk population that permitted this intervention to work and the implications of this for replication in other settings. It will explain why Thailand is a model for programs in other countries. Since cost-effectiveness assessment was never done for this program, it will evaluate the assessments that should have taken into account in terms of costs measured. Furthermore, current challenges that the Thailand AIDS program face will be discussed. Lastly, it will talk about other national experiences in AIDS prevention that have been cited in the popular press as “success” and the evidence found in scientific literature about the effectiveness of these programs.
1) What are the characteristics of the high risk population that permitted this intervention to work? What are the implications of this for replication in other settings?
The high risk population were those who were having unprotected sex with sex workers, this population was not the only one with the high risk of getting the disease but it was the highest population with the disease. Other characteristics include: male patients with STI’s, blood donors, and drug users. Most sex workers operate from an establishment and the sex industry is relatively structured which has enable government officials to reach the owners of the sex establishment and seek their cooperation (Levine, 2007). Dr. Wiwat Rojanapithayakorn stated “it is not possible to stop people from having sex with sex workers, so the most important thing is to make sure that sex is safe”. (Levin, 2007, p. 10). In 1989 the rule of “no condom no
References: HIV & AIDS in Thailand | AVERT. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.avert.org/hiv-aids-thailand.htm Jacobsen, K. H. (2014). Introduction to global health. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. Levine, R., Levine, R., & What Works Working Group (2007). Case studies in global health: Millions saved. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Thailand launches new AIDS strategy to ‘Get to Zero’. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.unaids.org/en/resources/presscentre/featurestories/2012/june/20120622thaizero/