Student Number: 58111139
ENGL 112 15M
What is the Best Solution to Preventing Drunk Driving in BC?
It is true that automobiles make it convenient for people to get around. Drunk driving is a serious crime - in terms of its prevalence and its consequence. A statistic from British Columbia Ministry of Justice shows, from 2008-2012, 472 people were killed in road crashes that involves at least one driver with a BAC (blood alcohol concentration) over 0.08 in BC, and these alcohol-impaired-driving fatalities accounted for 26 percent of the total motor vehicle traffic fatalities (MVFBC). Alcohol-impaired driving remains a serious problem that tragically effects many victims annually. As a result, a great emphasis is needed on the implementation of effective and efficient strategies to prevent drunk driving. Many experts have been trying to use various strategies to prevent people from impaired driving over the last 50 years. Faye S. Taxmana and Alex Piquerob claim, "[i]n particular, license suspensions and license revocations provided the most consistent evidence for deterrence." On the other hand, J. Yu claims, "[w]hen both license actions and fines are considered, the latter is likely to be more effective than the former for repeat offenders". In addition, R Reis and J Nichols claim, "[l]onger term treatment programs are the only approaches that have demonstrated reductions in DWI (driving while intoxicated) offenders". Although these strategies taken by other researches contain merit, they fail to consider the fact that only a small portion of drunk drivers can be found by policemen each day. In fact, the most useful and feasible solution to prevent drunk driving is setting more DUI (driving under the influence) checkpoints to arrest all drivers who have an illegal BAC level. The key supports exist to prove the superiority of setting more DUI are that the possibility for the drunk drivers being caught will be higher, people's belief will be reduced, and, ultimately, the number of drunk drivers will be lower.
The possibility of the drunk drivers being caught will be higher if more DUI checkpoints are set. A DUI checkpoint is a roadblock set up by law enforcement officers to detect and deter impaired driving. At checkpoints, multiple law enforcement officers funnel all traffic into a controlled area and perform brief interviews (10 - 30 seconds) with drivers to determine if they are impaired by alcohol. If a driver shows the evidence of drinking alcohol, the police can run a more thorough screening, including using alcohol interlocks (Low-Staffing Sobriety Checkpoints). Every drunk driver can be detected when they pass though DUI checkpoints and as a result, the possibility of drunk drivers being arrested would be much higher. A study conducted by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration shows that for 562,611 Vehicle Contacts made, 3187 drunk drivers be arrested (Checkpoints Strikeforce). DUI checkpoints play an increasing efficient and effective role in detecting drunk driver as a dependable means. In a road system with more DUI checkpoints, the average distance a drunk driver goes through will decline, which means having more DUI checkpoints can arguably prevent a large portion of traffic incidents caused by intoxicated driving in an earlier stage and provides an efficient way to find and punish impaired driving. Although license suspensions or revocations is a popular way to prevent drunk driving, it is a limited solution because it cannot prevent people who dare to break the law from driving without license. An estimated 25-75% of drivers who are suspended, revoked, or otherwise unlicensed, continue to drive anyway (Robertson, Robyn D.and Erin A. Holmes.). Setting more DUI checkpoints can also prohibit this driving without license phenomenon to a large extent.
Consequently, people's beliefs will be reduced since drunk drivers have a high possibility to be arrested. Citizens aware of...
Cited: Canada. British Columbia Ministry of Justice. _Motor Vehicle Fatalities in British Columbia: Statistics._ 2013. Web.
Taxman, Faye S, and Alex Piquero. "On Preventing Drunk Driving Recidivism: an Examination of Rehabilitation and Punishment Approaches." _Journal of_ _Criminal Justice_ 26 (1998): 129-143. Print.
Yu, Jiang. "Punishment Celerity and Severity. Testing a Specific Deterrence Model of Drunk Driving Recidivism." _Journal of Criminal Justice_ 23 (1994): 355-66. Print.
Reis, R. _The Traffic Safety Effectiveness of Education Programs for Multiple Offense Drunk Drivers._ Technical Repor_t_, DOT Contract HS-6-10414. Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
"Low-Staffing Sobriety Checkpoints." _National Highway Traffic Safety_ _Administration_. N.p., Apr. 2006. Web. 3 Mar. 2014.
"Checkpoints Strikeforce." _National Highway Traffic Safety Administration_. N.p., Nov. 2008. Web. 1 Mar. 2014.
Robertson, Robyn D., and Erin A. Holmes. "Effective Strategies to Reduce Drunk Driving." The Knowledge Source for Safe Driving. N.p., July 2011. Web. 28 Feb. 2014.
"Increasing Impaired-Driving Enforcement Visibility: Six Cases Studies." National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. N.p., Feb. 2013. Web. 1 Mar. 2014.
Walden, Melissa, and Troy Walden. "Sobriety Checkpoints." _Texas A&M Transportation Institute_. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Mar. 2014.
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