Presidential Decree

Topics: Environmentalism, Air pollution, Recycling Pages: 9 (2475 words) Published: September 23, 2014
Presidential Decree No. 1586 or the Environmental Impact Statement System Year of Enactment and Implementation
Enacted and Implemented in 1978
To attain and maintain a rational and orderly balance between socio-economic growth and environmental protection Control Area
The pursuit of a comprehensive and integrated environmental protection program necessitates the establishment and institutionalization of a system whereby the exigencies of socio-economic undertakings can be reconciled with the requirements of environmental quality The regulatory requirements of Environmental Impact Statement and Assessments instituted in pursuit of this national environmental protection program have to work into their full regulatory and procedural details in a manner consistent with the goals of the program Features

Declared environmentally critical projects and areas are required to obtain an Environmental Compliance Certificate before operation Environmentally Critical Projects includes heavy industries, resource extractive industries, infrastructure projects, golf course projects Characteristics of Environmentally Critical Areas:

Areas declared by law as natural parks, watershed reserves, wildlife reserves, and sanctuaries Areas set aside as aesthetic, potential tourist spots
Areas which constitute the habitat for any endangered or threatened species of indigenous Philippine wildlife (flora and fauna) Areas of unique historical, archeological, geological or scientific interests Areas which are traditionally occupied by cultural communities or tribes Areas frequently visited and/or hard hit by natural calamities (geologic hazards, floods, typhoons, volcanic activity, etc.) Areas of critical slope

Areas classified as prime agricultural lands
Recharged areas of aquifers
Mangrove areas
Coral reefs
Violators shall be punished by the suspension of cancellation of his/its certificate and or fine for each violation

The Philippine Mining Act of 1995 (Republic Act 7942)

On March 6, 1995 then President Fidel Ramos signed into law Republic Act 7942, otherwise known as the Philippine Mining Act of 1995. On August that year, the DENR issued the Implementing Rules and Regulations of the Mining Act. Essentially, RA 7942 is based on Article XII of the Philippine Constitution and thus mandates the State to manage the country �s mineral resources as owner and administrator, and to control and supervise exploration, development and utilization of mineral resources. The law reiterates the Constitutional provision that only the government may grant mining rights to individuals and corporations. Republic Act No. 8371

Republic Act No. 8371, known as "The Indigenous Peoples Right Act of 1997," was enacted to recognize, protect and promote the rights of Indigenous Cultural Communities or Indigenous Peoples (IP's). The law also provides for the establishment of a National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP), the lead government agency that formulates and implement policies, plans and programs for the recognition, promotion and protection of the rights and well-being of Indigenous Peoples and the recognition of their ancestral domains. It was signed by President Fidel V. Ramos on 29 October 1997.

The Republic Act also states that ICC / IP women shall enjoy land rights and opportunities with men in all spheres of life and provides for her participation in the decision-making process in all levels as well, full access to education, maternal and child care, health, nutrition, housing services and training facilities. REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8749

Chapter 1
General Provisions
Article One
Basic Air Quality Policies
SECTION 1. Short Title. – This Act shall be known as the “Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999.” SEC. 2. Declaration of Principles. – The State shall protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and...
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