Preservation and Ruin

Topics: Human rights, Universal Declaration of Human Rights / Pages: 9 (2101 words) / Published: Mar 19th, 2013
Question 1 Outline.
The issue is Torture. Torture is a serious violation of human rights and is strictly prohibited by international law covered in article 5 of no torture in 1948 “No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.” The reason for this is because torture strikes at the very heart of civil and political freedoms. Torture was one of the first issues dealt with by the United Nations (UN). The United Nations Efforts to Secure Freedom from torture is a dedicated convention against torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment and was completed in 1984 and in force in 1987.
Definitions of torture can generally be seen as, causing severe pain or suffering to obtain information or a confession from a person. Used to punish for an act person had committed or suspected of committing. To intimidate or coerce the person to do something, done at the instigation or approval of a public official.
Torture continues to be practiced around the world despite it being strictly outlawed. 2001 report by Amnesty International highlighted conveys that torture is used by 140 states between 1997 and 2001, and they found that every year thousands of offenders enact torture in the form of beating, rape and electrocution upon people for the various reasons. This evidence was gathered from Parnes, “Torture, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment.”
Such countries as India use torture for investigating crimes, extracting confessions and punishing individuals. It is done by the law enforcement agencies. Torture is inflicted not only upon the accused, but also on legitimate activists, complainants or informants. This all amounts to cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment, among the people of India. Torture is also inflicted on the women and girls in the form of custodial rape, molestation and other forms of sexual harassment.
US authorities hold 270 prisoners in Guantánamo Bay and Cuba, without charge or trial. They are

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