Present Perfect

Topics: English language, Grammatical tense, Verb, Time, Past tense / Pages: 26 (6330 words) / Published: Mar 22nd, 2013
Introduction
The theme of the present paper is “The Present Perfect”.
The main goal of the work is to identify the main features of the Present Perfect and to present the cases of its use, basing on the theoretical and scientific works of Russian, English linguists.
The objectives of the work, in their turn, represent ascending steps to the main goal of the project:
1. to give the definition to the present perfect;
2. to present the ways of formation of the present perfect tense;
3. to investigate cases of its use in the sentence and in American and British English compare them ;
4. to draw the line of demarcation between the use of the Present Perfect and the Past Simple
Actuality of the work is the significance of the present perfect tense in the English language. That is a linguistic phenomenon, which exists not in every language and which is replaced by other tenses while translated into other languages appears to be one of the main constituents of English grammar.
Novelty of the paper lies in communicative approaches to linguistic analysis of the use of the present perfect tense aimed at acquiring the communicative competence.
Theoretical value of the paper is based on the analyzed data taken from the works of American and English prominent linguists.
Practical value of the work may be useful in practical grammar or in a daily use.
The course paper consists of 4 parts; Introduction, Main Part, Conclusion and Bibliography. The Main Part consists of 2 chapters. Thus, Chapter I of the present paper is devoted to the general remarks the present perfect tense and comprises 3 points: 1. History of the Present Perfect Tense 2. The Formation of the Present Perfect 3. Differences between the Past Indefinite and the Present Perfect
In this chapter we can find out general information about the origin of perfect tenses and the present perfect tense itself, and the ways of forming the present perfect, and the differences between the past



Bibliography: 1. Каушанская В. Л., Грамматика английского языка, Москва, 1968, 227 стр. 2. Крылова И. П., A Grammar of Present Day, Москва, Издательство «Просвещение»,1990, 100 стр. 3. Greenbaum Sidney, Oxford English Grammar, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1996, 652 p. 4. Greenbaum Sidney, Quirk R., Leech G., Svartvik J, A University Grammar of English, Moscow, 1982, p. 158 5. Newsperson Otto, University of Grammar, Chicago and London, The University 6. Ильин Б. А., Строй современного английского языка, Москва, Издательство «Просвещение», 1965, 206 стр. 7. Vasilevskaya N. M., Ganshina M. A., English Grammar, Higher School Publishing House, Moscow, 1964, p. 335 8. Иофик Л. Л., Чахоян Л. П., Readings in the Theory of English Grammar, Москва, 1967, 149 стр. 9. Hornby A.S. Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2000, p. 1520 10. Muller V.K., Modern English-Russian Dictionary, Moscow, ‘Russky Yazyk Publishers, 1999, 880 p.

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