TOPIC: The Effects of Television to the Youth of the New Generation I
Background History of Television
Children Between the Television
Reasons Why Children Watch Television
Viewing to Learn
TV People as Companions
Improving on Bad Moods
Effects on the Sensory Development to the Youth
Sense of Wonder
Bad Effects of Watching Television to the Youth
TV Influence Aggressive Behaviour
Good Effects of Watching Television to the Youth
TV Encourage Good Behaviour
An Excellent Educator
Good Form of Entertainment
A Source of Enjoyment
A Source of Relaxation
Black, Dora and Martin Newman. "Television Violence and Children".BMJ.
February 4, 1995. p. 273 274. Bogart, Leo. The age of Television. New York. Frederick Ungar Publishing. 1956 Gelacio, Brenda A. "Philippine T.V. is very sick". Philippine Daily Inquirer, June
27, 2004. p. A 16. Hatol, M.C. "Guess What? Television is not really is not really for kids ". Manila
Bulletin, October 17, 2005. p. C 7.
Mcaleer, Jill and Barrie Gunter. Children and Television. London. Routledge
Publication. 1997. page 17-28, 92-136.
Signorielli, Nancy. A Sourcebook on Children and Television. New York.
Greenwood Press. 1991.
Valkenburg, Patti M. Children's Responses to the Screen. Mahwah, New Jersey.
Lawrence Erlbaurm Associates. 2004.
Background history of television
The development of the television occurred over a number of years, in many countries, and using a wide application of sciences, including electricity, mechanical engineering, electromagnetism, sound technology, and electrochemistry. No single person invented the television; instead, it is a compilation of inventions perfected by fierce competition.
1831 - Joseph Henry's and Michael Faraday's work with electro magnetism jumpstarts the era of electronic communication. 1862 First Still Image Transferred- Abbe Giovanna Caselli invents his Pan telegraph and becomes the first person to transmit a still image over wires. 1873 - Scientists May and Smith experiment with selenium and light, this reveals the possibility for inventors to transform images into electronic signals. 1876 - Boston civil servant George Carey was thinking about complete television systems and in 1877 he put forward drawings for what he called a selenium camera that would allow people to see by electricity. Eugen Goldstein coins the term cathode rays to describe the light emitted when an electric current was forced through a vacuum tube. 1870s - Scientists and engineers like Paiva, Figuier, and Senlecq were suggesting alternative designs for Electroscopes.
1880 - Inventors Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Edison theorize about
telephone devices that transmit image as well as sound. Bell's Photo phone
used light to transmit sound and he wanted to advance his device for image sending. George Carey builds a rudimentary system with light-sensitive cells.
1881 - Sheldon Bidwell experiments with his Telephotography that was similar to Bell's Photo phone. 1884 - 18 Lines of ResolutionPaul Nipkow sends images over wires using a rotating metal disk technology calling it the electric telescope with 18 lines of resolution. 1900 - And We Called It Television at the World's Fair in Paris, the first International Congress of Electricity was held. That is where Russian Constantin Perskyi made the first known use of the word television. Soon after 1900, the momentum shifted from ideas and discussions to physical development of television systems. Two major paths in the development of a television system were pursued by inventors. 1906 - First Mechanical Television System. Lee de Forest invents the Audion vacuum tube that proved essential to electronics. The Audion was...
Cited: Black, Dora and Martin Newman. "Television Violence and Children".BMJ. February 4, 1995. p. 273 – 274.
Bogart, Leo. The age of Television. New York. Frederick Ungar Publishing. 1956
Gelacio, Brenda A
Hatol, M.C. "Guess What? Television is not really is not really for kids ". Manila
Bulletin, October 17, 2005
Greenwood Press. 1991.
Valkenburg, Patti M. Children 's Responses to the Screen. Mahwah, New Jersey. Lawrence Erlbaurm Associates. 2004.
1926 30 Lines of Resolution - John Baird operates a television system with 30 lines of resolution system running at 5 frames per second.
1927 - Bell Telephone and the U.S
1933 - Iowa State University (W9XK) starts broadcasting twice weekly television programs in cooperation with radio station WSUI.
1936 - About 200 hundred television sets are in use world-wide
1956 - Ampex introduces the first practical videotape system of broadcast quality.
1956 - Robert Adler invents the first practical remote control called the Zenith Space Commander
1960 - The first split screen broadcast occurs on the Kennedy - Nixon debates.
1962 - The All Channel Receiver Act requires that UHF tuners (channels 14 to 83) be included in all sets
1972 - Half the TVs in homes are color sets.
1973 - Giant screen projection TV is first marketed
1976 - Sony introduces betamax, the first home video cassette recorder.
1978 - PBS becomes the first station to switch to all satellite delivery of programs.
1981 - 1,125 Lines of Resolution NHK demonstrates HDTV with 1,125 lines of resolution.
1982 - Dolby surround sound for home sets is introduced
1984 Stereo TV broadcasts approved.
1986 Super VHS introduced
1993 Closed captioning required on all sets.
1996 The FCC approves ATSC 's HDTV standard
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