Some of the Pre-Socratic philosophers were rational and some were not. When Thales determined that the main principle element was water, he rationalized from his observance that the main ‘nutriment’ in all things is moist and that water is the origin of moisture. He rationalizes that heat itself is generated from moisture which he was most likely referring to humidity in the air. He observes that even our very breath contains moisture. Another point he ties together is that the world is held up by water and ‘quakes’ happen because of the water’s movement.
We know today that water is the basis in all living things on earth. Therefore, his rationale was not off on this point. Water is heated by the sun and the air becomes moist and warm.
Individual Short Essay:
James Dean Johnson
March 16, 2014
March 16th, 2014
James Dean Johnson
The primary motivation of philosophers in the Pre-Socratic era was to bring knowledge
and a since of reason to the world, despite the repercussions it brought to their personal
lives such as how they were viewed by the religious orders and governing bodies of the
communities in which….
March 2, 2012
As I read about the philosopher in this era I found Anaxagoras to be the most compelling Pre-Socratic philosopher that we read about. He was a teacher of metaphysics who lived during the era of (c. 500 – c. 428 B.C.E.), (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 29). I found his distinctions between matter and mind to be intriguing. Many of his ideas about change and particles still hold true to this day.
Empedocles was the Pre-Socratic philosopher that I found to have the most compelling ideas. Empedocles was a Greek philosopher from 490-430 B.C.E. He felt that reality was everlasting and fixed. He also believed that the changes we go through are more than illusion, when another philosopher by the name of Parmenides believed just the opposite. Parmenides believed that "change and motion are illusions of the senses". Empedocles also partially believed what philosopher Heraclitus had said about reality….
The Pre-Socratic Philosophers |
"Pre-Socratic" is the expression commonly used to describe those Greek thinkers who lived and wrote between 600 and 400 B.C. It was the Pre-Socratics who attempted to find universal principles which would explain the natural world from its origins to man's place in it. Although Socrates died in 399 B.C., the term "Pre-Socratic" indicates not so much a chronological limit, but rather an outlook or range of interests, an outlook attacked by both Protagoras (a Sophist)….
There were three different groups of Pre-Socratic philosophers, The Milesain monists, other monists, and the Pluralists. The Milesaines were found in Miletus, a Greek trading colonel, which is located in present day Turkey. The other monists could be found in different parts of Greece in the fifth century. Then the Pluralists could also be found in different parts of Greece.
The first Milesain monist was Thales. He was able to predict that there was going to be an eclipse of the sun at an exact….
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
1. Who Were the Presocratic Philosophers?
Our understanding of the Presocratics is complicated by the incomplete nature of our evidence. Most of them wrote at least one “book” (short pieces of prose writing, it seems, or, in some cases, poems of not great length), but no complete work survives. Instead, we are dependent on later philosophers, historians, and compilers of collections of ancient wisdom for disconnected quotations (fragments)….
Pre-Socratic Philosophers: Heraclitus
Heraclitus believed that fire is the basic element of the universe because of its ever-changing nature and that the reality of all mirrors this idea. According to Moore and Bruder (2008, p. 26,) â€œThere is no reality, save the reality of change: permanence is an illusion.â€ He viewed change not as a random occurrence, but a determination by the harmonious balance of opposites through a cosmic order called the logos (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 26.)
PHI/105 Introduction to Philosophy
Short Essay – Pre-Socratic Philosopher
The Pre-Socratic philosopher that I have selected is Anaximenes, which is the third great Milesian philosopher. Anaximenes had the idea of everything was being done by the air, regardless of what was going through the air, it was based on air. He was the first philosopher who pronounced the basic substance to be was air through….
13 March 2014
Early Philosophers “Pre-Socratic” or “Mythopoeic” thinkers?
The Ancient Greek philosophers played a pivotal role in the shaping of the western philosophical tradition. The Ancient Greek philosophical tradition broke away from a mythological approach to explaining the world, and it initiated an approach based on reason and evidence. Initially concerned with explaining the entire cosmos (the universe seen as a well-ordered whole), the Pre-Socratic philosophers strived to identify its….
CheckPoint: Pre-Socratic Philosophers
* Answer the following questions in a 200- to 300-word response:
* Which of the Pre-Socratic philosophers had the most compelling ideas?
I believe that for their time, all held compelling ideas as to how things are in existence; the pre-Socratic philosophers that “stuck out” most to me were The Atomist. By far, The Atomist was the closets philosophers to what we the human race holds as true.
* Briefly summarize the philosopher’s idea….