Pre-Russo Japanese War

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Russia
Lecture 2 – 1905 revolution

Pre-1905 Revolution

Before the 1905 Revolution they had been a rise in strike activity and rural unrest within the Russian Empire. Newspapers however showed the minority population that where literate cracks that where showing in the Tsar’s power, however these people already held positions of power within Russian society. These people included the village elders, members of the clergy and government minsters. At this time in the early 20th century the majority of Europe was totally illiterate so the majority of the population would not be able to read what the newspapers where publishing.
A revolutionary underground was starting the form before the 1905 revolution for a number of factors. Russian society was very patriarchal, the minority ruling the majority and the people had no say in what happened to their country. The Russian economy lagged behind the rest of Europe. Still purely based upon agricultural production. This revolutionary underground was causing opposition to the government in a very public sense.
However on the 8th February 1904, the Russian Empire along with the Principality of Montenegro went to war with the Empire of Japan over Manchuria, Yellow Sea and the Korean Peninsula. For the Tsar and his advisers a quick and crushing war would gain public support and unite all the country behind the common goal of beating the Japanese.
Causes of Russo-Japanese War
In 1868 the Meiji dynasty was restored to power in Japan and they reasserted a sphere of influence over eastern Asia. Prior to World War I, the Empire of Japan fought the first Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895). The war revolved around the issue of control and influence around Korea which was under the rule of the Joseon Dynasty. Following a peasant rebellion the Korean government requested assistance from the Qing Dynasty to send in their armed forces and stabilize the country. The Empire of Japan responded by sending their own force to

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