Pre-Eclampsia and Eclampsia Disorders in Pregnant Women

Topics: Hypertension, Pregnancy, Blood pressure Pages: 5 (1781 words) Published: October 8, 1999
Pre-Eclampsia and Eclampsia Disorders In Pregnant Women

Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are disorders in pregnant women. Pre- eclampsia is hypertension and eclampsia is the worsening of pre-eclampsia where the woman experiences convulsions or goes into a coma. The complication of eclampsia in a pregnant woman can put her and her unborn child at risk. A risk that may be fatal. This is only to briefly define the disorders.

Furthermore, I predict that women who have suffered from eclampsia do need future medical help due to the permanent damage caused in the physiological make up of the body. I will prove this by means of statistics, nationwide studies, and explaining the damage to the body.

To give a complete definition of eclampsia we must define pre-eclampsia. Pre-eclampsia does not have chronic hypertension but becomes hypertensive in late pregnancy. With pre-eclampsia a woman doesn't experience a coma or convulsions, her blood pressure returns to normal after delivery. Although the majority of women who experience pre-eclampsia never get eclampsia-if the blood pressure gets out of hand suddenly, the disease may progress to eclampsia. Eclampsia is pre-eclampsia that has progressed to the point of convulsions and possible coma. Resulting in retardation for the child with lack of oxygenation and other proteins to fetus.

A term that must be known is chronic hypertension due to increased pressure in the arteries and often associated with atherosclerosis (collections of fatty substances on the inside wall of the arteries). It is not caused by pregnancy, but may cause problems if a woman with chronic hypertension becomes pregnant. It has an unknown cause. 15% of the time chronic hypertension is secondary to a primary problem-that is a renal disorder, heart disease, endocrine disorder or some other condition is the cause of the hypertensive disease. Women with chronic hypertension who become pregnant are in high risk. Because of arterial narrowing the blood supply to the uterus is compromised and growth and oxygenation of the fetus are jeopardized. Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are also likely to develop, with characteristic tissue swelling and proteinuria. In extreme full flown eclampsia ( convulsions or coma) may occur. Women with chronic hypertension are at higher risk for fetal growth retardation, stillbirth and 4 to 5 grater risk for placental abruption. About 15% of women with chronic hypertension with experience pre-eclampsia next to their usual chronic hypertension.

To show how eclampsia is related to physics we must look at the fact that eclampsia primarily comes about from hypertension. The swelling occurs: when there is high quantity of sodium; H2O is attracted into the veins. The walls of the veins are permeable to H2O at this point, starving the rest of the cells of the body from water that later leads to seizures, weakening the brain cells.(Just one example) When there are weak cells the functions of the body seem to break down, affecting not only the mother, but the fetus as well. Hypertension forms like this: there is direct proportion between pressure and volume--when there is a large volume there will high pressure. In relation to physics we have to speak of Fluids In Motion. We must picture fluid in a tube: when there is a certain amount of volume going through a tube it's going at a constant, if the volume increases the the flow will be more rapid because the center of the diameter is less than that at either end-- according to Bernoulli's Principle. Going back to eclampsia or pre-eclampsia we could see this example when the volume of the blood increases, because of sodium and attraction of water and so does the pressure. The speed of the blood decreases and that's when the body looses oxygen and cells die because the supplements don't arrive as needed causing the systems to break down. There is a cycle when pressure in the body is not at a normal, it goes from...
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