Title IX: An Overview
One of the landmark laws of the 1970s was Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. Title IX states that “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, or denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal assistance.” (US Department of Labor, pg. 1) This law provided the framework for the beginning of equality in education. In fact, Title IX was the first comprehensive federal law to prohibit sex discrimination against students and employees of educational institutions.
Usually, when someone mentions Title IX, the first response involves athletic equality – the same number of opportunities must be available for male and female athletes. While most of the publicity surrounding Title IX does involve athletics, it actually encompasses much, much more. Title IX covers recruitment, admissions, educational programs and activities, course offerings and access, counseling, financial aid, employment assistance, facilities and housing, health and insurance benefits, marital and parental status, scholarships, sexual harassment, and athletics (American University, pg. 1). That being said, making sure that Title IX is not violated seems like an incredibly daunting task. By law, each educational institution is required to have at least one Title IX Coordinator, who is responsible for making sure that there are no violations committed by the institution.
The Title IX Coordinator does, indeed, have a monumental task. There can be hundreds of issues at an educational institution that require equality. If a school does violate Title IX, there can be pretty severe consequences. The law states that an educational institution can lose federal funding if it knowingly violates Title IX. However, to date, no institution has actually lost federal funding. Instead, institutions have had to pay out significant monetary...
Cited: "Title IX, Education Amendments of 1972." 14 July 2008. US Department of Labor. 8
July 2008 http://www.dol.gov/oasam/regs/statutes/titleIX.htm.
"What is Title IX?" American University. 10 July 2008
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